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4 minutes ago, lordmarcovan said:

Sasanian --> Neapolis

Greek Campania; Didrachm / Nomos of the Greek Italic Period 300/275 BC; Material: Silver; Diameter: 22mm; Weight: 7.39g; Mint: Neapolis (Naples); Reference: HN Italy 576, Sambon 455; Provenance: Odysseus Numismatics, France; Obverse: Diademed head of female right; four dolphins around; Reverse: Man-headed bull standing right, head facing, crowned by Nike flying right above; ΝΕΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ below.
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Neapolis --> Syracuse


Sicily, Syracuse - Bronze litra, circa 375-344 BCE,
[ΣYPA] Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with neck guard,
Hippocamp left
15mm., 6.13g
Ref : Calciati # 34, Sear # 1193


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Syracuse  - Eion

Eion, Macedonia

500-437 BC
AR Trihemiobol (12mm, 0.92g)
O: Goose standing right, head turned back; lizard and H above, all within dotted border.
R: Quadripartite incuse square.
cf SNG ANS 276; Sear 1295v (lizard)
ex Antike & Klassische Numismatik

~ Peter 


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Isinda - Argos

Argos, Argolis

circa 3rd century BC
AR Triobol (15mm, 2.25g)
O: Forepart of wolf left.
R: Large A, eagle standing right on thunderbolt beneath; IP-EΩ-NO-Σ (Hieronos, magistrate) in corners, all within shallow incuse square.
SNG Cop 42; BCD Peloponnesos 1177; SNG Delepierre 2273; Sear 2795v
ex Empire Coins

~ Peter 


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Salerno > Odessos


Gordianus III
Moesia Inferior, Odessos
Æ Pentassarion
Obv.: AYT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AYΓ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian left and draped bust of Darzalas wearing kalathos and holding cornucopiae right, vis-à-vis.
Rev: OΔΗCCEITΩN, Athena standing right, holding spear and resting on shield, E in field to left
AE, 13.2g, 27.6mm
Ref.: Varbanov 4469

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Odessos --> Siscia.

Constantius II, AD 337-361.
Roman Æ 3 (1/4 maiorina?), 2.36 g, 18.7 mm, 11 h.
Siscia, AD 348-49, fifth officina.
Obv: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix, nimbate, standing right on mound of rocks; ЄSIS(symbol 5) in exergue.
Refs: RIC viii p. 366, 240; LRBC II 1133; RCV 18250; Cohen 58.

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2 hours ago, Roman Collector said:

Odessos --> Siscia.

Constantius II, AD 337-361.
Roman Æ 3 (1/4 maiorina?), 2.36 g, 18.7 mm, 11 h.
Siscia, AD 348-49, fifth officina.
Obv: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix, nimbate, standing right on mound of rocks; ЄSIS(symbol 5) in exergue.
Refs: RIC viii p. 366, 240; LRBC II 1133; RCV 18250; Cohen 58.

Siscia--> Amisos


image.png.296fa42a6ad2c1637528a939ad572180.pngPontos, Amisos, AR Siglos,4th Century BC (5.54g, 19mm, 3h)

Obv: Draped bust of Hera left, wearing turreted stephanos

Rev: Owl standing facing with spread wings; H ΓH across fields; ΠEIPA below

Ref: SNG Stancomb 661 (this coin); cf. SNG BM Black Sea 1071; HGC 7, 229


Edited by Sulla80
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4 hours ago, panzerman said:

Saint-Lô --> Laodicea ad Lycum

There are so many "Sssssssss" - so i will take the "L"... 😉 


Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus
Reign: Commodus; Mint: Laodicea ad Lycum, Phrygia; Date: 184/190 AD
Nominal: Bronze; Material: AE; Diameter: 36mm; Weight: 28.15g

Reference: RPC IV.2 9216 (#2 this coin)
RPC Online: https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/4/9216
Rare: Specimens 2 (1 in the core collections)
Provenance: Savoca Numismatik Munich, Germany (Auction 166, Lot 1041)

Obverse: Laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right, seen from front
Inscription: ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑVΡ ΚοΜΜοΔοϹ
Translation: Autokrator Kaisaros Marcos Aurelios Kommodos
Translation: Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus

Reverse: To left, Zeus of Laodicea standing, right, holding long sceptre and eagle; to nude Heracles (bearded) standing, left, holding club and lion skin; both clasping hands
Translation: Laodikeon kai (H)erakleoton (H)omonia
Translation: [City of] Laodicea [ad Lycum] and [City of] Heraclea [Salbace] in harmony



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Laodicea ad Lycum - Metapontum 


Metapontum, Lucania

330-300 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.76g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
Johnston C-1; SNG ANS 470; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Sear 416
ex Windsor Antiquities

Metapontum joined Taras in an alliance with Alexander of Epirus during his wars against the Lucanians and Bruttians (332 BC). However when Metapontum declined a similar offer to ally with Kleonymus of Sparta in 303 BC, Taras became hostile and attacked, eventually extorting a large sum of gold from the Metapontines. The animosity between them subsided by 281 BC, when Metapontum once again sided with the Tarentines in an alliance with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, in the war against Rome.
By this time their influence in the region had waned, and we hear less and less of the city until the Second Punic War (216 BC), at which time Metapontum declared in favor of Hannibal. By 212 BC Hannibal occupied the city, and it seems to have been a major base for his forces. However, after his military reversal Hannibal was forced to give up possession of the region, departing Italy from Metapontum in 207 BC and evacuating the population at the same time. Metapontum would never again play a major role in Magna Graecia, and although Cicero mentions visiting the city, Pausanias tells us that the site was a complete ruin by his time.

~ Peter 


Edited by Phil Anthos
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8 minutes ago, Phil Anthos said:

Metapontum --> Magnesia ad Sipylum

Bruttia Crispina
Reign: Marcus Aurelius or Commodus
Mint: Magnesia ad Sipylum, Lydia; Date: 178/182 AD
Nominal: Bronze; Material: AE; Diameter: 20.98mm; Weight: 4.00g

Reference: RPC IV.2 1334 (#7 this coin)
Reference: Hochard 1082
RPC Online: https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/4/1334
Rare: Specimens 8 (5 in the core collections)
Provenance: Concordia Numismatik Tumeltsham, Austria (Auction 4, Lot 1310)

Obverse: Draped bust of Crispina, right
Translation: Krispeina Sebaste
Translation: Crispina Augusta

Reverse: Rivergod Hermos reclining, left, holding long reed, resting on water-urn
Inscription: ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩ ϹΙΠΥΛο
Translation: Magneton Sipulou
Translation: City of Magnesia ad Sipylum



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Magnesia ad Sipylum > Mandschukuo


"Emperor": 康德, Kang De (Pu Yi)
Year: 1 (1934)
Top: 大满洲国 (Big Mandschukuo)
middle: Flower
bottom: 康德元年, (Kang De First Year)
Rev: 五分 (5 Fen), 2 Dragons
Value: 5 Fen
Copper-Nickel, 3.35g, 19.86mm
Ref.:: KM Y#7

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14 hours ago, shanxi said:

Mandschukuo --> Ococleia


Marcus Antonius Gordianus III; Bronze of the Roman Imperial Period 238/244 AD; Material: AE; Diameter: 28mm; Weight: 13.25g; Mint: Ococleia, Phrygia; Reference: RPC VII.1 731.1, BMC 6, SNG von Aulock 3899 var. (Obv. legend); Provenance: Ex Edward J. Waddell Collection, Ex Roma Numismatics London; Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, right, seen from front. The Inscription reads: AYT K M AN ΓOPAI[ANOC] for Autokrator Kaisaros Marcos Antonios Gordianos (Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus); Reverse: Demeter-Cybele and Zeus standing facing each other, Demeter holding sceptre and ears of corn, lion at her feet, Zeus holding eagle and sceptre; between them, lighted altar. The Inscription reads: ΟΚΟΚΛΙƐƱΝ for Okoklieon (from the People of Ococleia).
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Ococleia > Aigeai


Kilikia, Aigeai
Æ 22, 130-77 BC
Obv.: Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right
Rev.: ΑΙΓΕΑΙΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΥTONOMΟΥ, Forepart of horse left; monogram to right
Æ, 6.16g, 21-22mm
Ref.:SNG BN 2297, SNG Levante 1658


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3 minutes ago, shanxi said:

Aigeai --> Ispus / Iulia

Ipsus, renamed Iulia in the early Imperial period, was a station on an important trading route through Phrygia. The city is most famous for being the site of the Battle of Ipsus in 301BC when the Successors (Diadochoi) of Alexander the Great Seleucus Nicator and Lysimachus defeated Antigonus Monopthalmus and his son Demetrius Poliorcetes. The modern site is at Çayırbağ, formerly known as Sipsin.


Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Under the Magistrate Sergios Hephaistion
Bronze of the Roman Imperial Period ca. 55 AD
Material: AE; Diameter: 18mm; Weight: 4.25g
Mint: Iulia, Phrygia; Reference: RPC I. 3191 (Specimens 17, 1 in the core collections), vA Phryg. I 404–14
Obverse: Draped bust of Nero, right. The Inscription reads: ΝΕΡΩΝ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ for Neron Kaisaras (Nero Augustus).
Reverse: Mên on horseback with spear, right. The Inscription reads: ΣΕΡΓΙΟΣ ΗΦΑΙΣΤΙΩΝ ΙΟΥΛΙΕΩΝ for Sergios Iphaistion Ioulieon (Magistrate Sergios Hephaistion, City of Iulia).
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11 minutes ago, panzerman said:

Alia Iulia  (Weissenberg) --> Gerasa

I will take the "g" from Weissenberg, so we dont have anytime "a" ... but i give you "a" again 😄 


Gerasa or Jerash is located in the north of Jordan and about 40 kilometres north of Amman. The ancient city of Gerasa was part of the so-called Decapolis. The first traces of human settlement in Gerasa date back to the 6th millennium BC. Bronze Age and Iron Age traces have been preserved. The name Gerasa also comes from these times. The place probably belonged later to the Northern Kingdom of Israel. The city, which was insignificant until the 1st century AD, experienced a rapid rise under Roman rule and under the Roman peace. It became part of the province of Syria and a member of the Decapolis in 64 BC and increasingly rivalled the older Petra as a trading city. Its inhabitants extracted ore from the nearby Adschlun Mountains. From the middle of the first century, this boom led to lively building activity and a rich abundance of architectural monuments that is still impressive today. In 106 AD, Gerasa became part of the new Roman province of Arabia Petraea. In the following decades, the Roman wars of expansion in the Near East led to a further increase in importance; well-developed roads were built to Pella, Philadelphia, Dion and the provincial capital Bos(t)ra. Emperor Hadrian paid a visit to the city in the winter of AD 129/130. In late antiquity, the political situation in the region changed fundamentally and the city lost importance. Nevertheless, the upper class remained prosperous. This period also saw the establishment of Christianity and the construction of many churches in the city. Gerasa had its own bishop – it is still a titular bishopric today -; Bishop Placcus (or Plancus) took part in the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD.

Decapolis (“ten-city”) refers to ten ancient cities east and south of the Sea of Galilee, between Damascus in the north and Philadelphia (now Amman) in the south. These cities had been founded or recast on the Greek model after the conquest of the area by Alexander the Great and under his Seleucid successors. They were located in the region known as Koilesyria during the Diadochic period, which was long disputed between Seleucids and Ptolemies. The emergence of the Decapolis as a political-geographical unit is dated to the first century B.C. According to earlier opinion, the political changes in the course of the Roman invasion (Pompey in 64 BC) shaped this structure. According to Robert Wenning, on the other hand, in order to preserve their internal autonomy and to avoid subjugation and administration by the expansive Herodian-ruled Jewish state, these cities voluntarily subordinated themselves to the northern Roman province of Syria from 37 AD. This tactic was successful. After protracted battles between the Jewish ruling dynasty of the Herodians and the Nabataeans, the Herodians were able to occupy a territory east of the Jordan called Peraea, which stretched from the Dead Sea to the Decapolis. In the 2nd century AD, the advantages of autonomy led more and more cities in the region to declare themselves as belonging to the Decapolis. The Decapolis was thus not a foundation of Pompey, but a later consequence of his conquest of Syria and the creation of the Roman province located there. The Decapolis is mentioned in various ancient writings such as the New Testament (Mk 5:20 EU, Mk 7:31 EU, Mt 4:25 EU). The oldest enumeration is found in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder. According to this, the cities are: Damascus, Gadara (Umm Qais), Hippos (Susita), Dion, Pella, Raphana, Kanatha (El-Qanawat), Philadelphia (today Amman), Scythopolis (Bet She’an) and Gerasa (Jerash).

The city of Gerasa has impressive monuments from ancient times, such as the Arch of Hadrian. The arch monument was built in the winter of 129/130 in honour of the Emperor Hadrian, who was visiting the city at the time. It was located outside ancient Gerasa. Originally, the arch was perhaps intended to serve as a new city gate, for according to an inscription, Hadrian wanted to found an entire city quarter on this site. However, this building project apparently fell victim to an economic crisis. The oval forum lies at the foot of the Temple of Jupiter. Its dimensions are 90 × 80 metres. The oval is lined with colonnades. The site was chosen strategically – it covers a natural depression. To compensate for this, the forum was built on 6 to 8 metre high foundations. The pear-shaped outline is untypical for a Roman forum, as the Romans preferred more regular shapes. According to many archaeologists, the forum is oval in order to connect the Temple of Zeus with the Roman part of the city on a north-south axis. However, the purpose of the oval marketplace remains controversial: either it was a trading place, or a sacrificial place.

The Temple of Jupiter was built above the oval forum on a massive barrel vault. The entire slope was artificially shaped so that the temple of Jupiter could be built on this spot. Its site had already served as a sanctuary for various deities. Most likely, a temple of Zeus had been built on the site in Hellenistic times. One indication of this is that the Temple of Jupiter does not fit into a typical Roman city plan in terms of its location. The ruins that can still be seen today date from the 2nd century AD. The temple walls, parts of which are still standing today, are about 10 metres high. The temple building itself rested on a platform 41 metres long and 28 metres wide. Following the Syro-Nabataean style of construction, a staircase led up to the roof of the cella. Originally, the Holy of Holies was surrounded by 38 columns, three of which are still standing today. Other columns were rebuilt as part of the restoration programme of the Jordanian Department of Antiquities.

The magnificent, 22-metre-wide Nymphaeum also dates from the 2nd century. Dedicated to the water nymphs, the two-storey sanctuary is one of the best-preserved buildings of ancient Gerasa. The lower floor of the nymphaeum was covered with marble. The upper one was decorated with frescoes, some of which are still recognisable. The roof construction is striking – a half-dome with a blasted gable arching over a large splendid fountain. The façade of the fountain was divided into niches containing statues. Some statues held large containers from which water poured into the basin of the magnificent fountain. A complex system of pipes brought the water from the surrounding area. The South Theatre was built around 90 to 92 AD. It had 32 rows of seats that could accommodate up to 5000 spectators. The theatre is built into the hillside to the west of the Temple of Jupiter, the upper tier was built over barrel vaults. The stage has a classical Roman design with two arched side doors and three scenery entrances. The audience was not blinded by sunlight because the theatre faced north.

Dating from the 2nd century AD, the Temple of Artemis was particularly imposing with the dimensions of its enclosing wall of 160 × 120 metres and was certainly one of the most important buildings in the city. Pilgrims approached the temple via a processional road and stairs leading up from the city. Eleven of the temple’s once 32 columns remain standing, nine of which still bear their Corinthian capitals and thus tower 13 metres high. The cella itself measured 23 × 40 metres. There is no record of when the Artemis sanctuary was built. A dedicatory inscription on the western propylon on the Cardo gives the year 150 AD for its completion. In view of the enormous effort involved, the planning and the start of construction must be estimated to have been much earlier. Artemis coins on the occasion of Emperor Hadrian’s visit to Gerasa in 129/30 AD may have been minted in relation to such a building project. Several inscriptions (the oldest from the late 1st century AD) indicate that an Artemis cult site existed in Gerasa before the construction of the great sanctuary, but there is no evidence of its location. It was most likely not the site where the temple that has survived to the present day was built around the middle of the 2nd century, for there had previously been a necropolis there. An earlier cult of Artemis is attested by the minting of coins, which began in Gerasa in 67/68 AD and according to which Artemis seems to have been the most important deity in the city. Artemis-Tyche was a syncretic deity with attributes of Artemis/Diana and Tyche. The Artemis of Gerasa is probably the Greek interpretation of a Semitic goddess.

As the patron goddess of Gerasa, Artemis merges with the Greek goddess of fate Tyche (often depicted with a mural crown on her head), who is explicitly worshipped elsewhere as the protector of a city. There is ample evidence that the Artemis at Gerasa was the interpretatio Graeca (Greek translation) of an older Semitic goddess, apparently the Phoenician Astarte or the Syrian Atargatis. Like Astarte, Artemis is interpreted as a moon goddess and is depicted on coins in Gerasa with the crescent moon. Thus, the martial fertility goddess Astarte could be found again in the Artemis of Gerasa via her lunar aspect. Artemis, like Astarte, combined a martial aspect and the aspect of fertility. Further indications of an imprint of the Gerasen Artemis by the Atargatis cult are the many Late Hellenistic and Imperial lion sculptures and the griffin sculpture found in Gerasa, which show companion animals of the goddess. They may have been placed in the sanctuary of Artemis. Furthermore, an imperial-period bust of a goddess carved out of a pillar or altar, growing out of a leaf goblet with an ear of grain, wearing a chiton and flanked by two lions, as well as an oil lamp type, preserved in three copies, on which Atargatis is enthroned between two animals and holds objects that cannot be determined, can be cited. As for Atargatis, there was also a water festival for Artemis in Gerasa and the water reservoir under the podium of the temple probably served cultic purposes (Information from A. Lichtenberger: Cults and Culture of the Decapolis, pp. 202 – 208).



Imperator Caesar Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Augustus
Reign: Marcus Aurelius
Mint: Gerasa, Syria
Date: 176/180 AD
Nominal: Bronze
Material: AE
Diameter: 14mm
Weight: 3.51g

Reference: RPC IV.3 6611 (#8 this coin)
Reference: Kindler Bostra 19
Reference: Sofaer 29 var. (same)
Reference: Rosenberger 30 var. (same)
Reference: Spijkerman 24 var. (obv. legend)
RPC Online: https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/4/6611
Rare: Specimens 8 (2 in the core collections)

Obverse: Laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right
Inscription: ΑV Κ ΚΟΜο
Translation: Autokrator Kaisaros Komodos
Translation: Imperator Caesar Commodus

Reverse: Draped bust of Artemis-Tyche, right; having quiver at shoulder
Inscription: ΑΡΤ ΤVΧ ΓƐ
Translation: Ártemis Týchē Geráza
Translation: Deity Artemis-Tyche, City of Gerasa



Edited by Prieure de Sion
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Gerasa - Akragas

Akragas, Sicily

213-211 BC (Punic Occupation)
AR 1/4 Shekel (14mm, 2.11g)
O: Head of Triptolemus right, wreathed in corn.
R: Horse galloping right; Punic letters 'ht' below.
SNG Cop 379; HGC 2, 174; Burnett, Enna 151; de Luynes 3965; Weber 8540; Walker Group II, 1st Series
ex Tom Cederlind

One of the leading centers of Greek influence in the west during the 6th and 5th centuries BC, Akragas was sacked by Carthage in 406. Conquered by Rome in 262 and retaken by Carthgage 8 years later, the city never again regained its' former status. Akragas suffered greatly during the Second Punic War (218-201), with this coin being struck just before the city fell to Rome once again in 210.
Although renamed Agrigentum, its' culture remained essentially Greek for another few hundred years until Rome granted the inhabitants citizenship after Julius Caesar's death in 44 BC.

This coin was struck on the Carthaginian standard and of debased silver.

~ Peter 



Edited by Phil Anthos
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Akragas > Sichuan


Province: Sichuan
Year 2 (1913)
top:中華民國二年 ( Republic of  China, the second year)
centre: 漢 (hàn)
top: 軍政府造
centre: 四川銅幣 (Si Chuan copper money)
bottom: 當制錢壹百文 (like 100 Wen)

Value: 100 Wen
Copperr, 30g, 38.9mm
Ref.:; KM Y# 450

Edited by shanxi
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