ambr0zie Posted February 11 · Member Share Posted February 11 (edited) Valentine's Day is coming so what better present to get ... than a coin? Saw this beauty and although it wasn't my main target (lost my main targets without a chance) the reverse design really charmed me and I managed to win it. Not a rarity, not extremely expensive, but not the cheapest RR on the market either. L. JULIUS L. F. CAESAR. 103 BC. AR, Denarius. Rome. 15.8 mm, 3.51 g CAESAR, helmeted head of Mars left, [S (retrograde) above] / [L IVLI L F], Venus driving biga of Cupids left, holding reins and sceptre; [lyre to left], S (retrograde) above. RSC Julia 4a; Crawford 320/1; BMC 1406; Syd. 593a NOTE - sorry for the clickbait - but I never said Gaius Julius Caesar! It's his relative Lucius Julius Caesar (c. 134 – 87 BC) a statesman and general, consul in 90 BC, in times of the Social War. A competent general, one of the best measures he took was to grant Roman citizenship to all the members of the revolt who did not participate in it, but also to the ones who did, but were ready to immediately lay down their arms. This was a major step in calming the Social War and was one of the stepping stones in unifying the state. He found his death in 87 BC, during the CIvil War, when Marius executed his political enemies, Lucius Julius Caesar and his brother, Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus, being amongst them. He had two children - Lucius Julius Caesar (consul 64 BC) - who was a supporter of his cousin, the better known Gaius Julius Caesar; and a daughter, Julia, mother of Marc Antony. Now regarding the reverse of the coin (they had quite an imagination if they pictured a biga of cupids!) - Cupid/Eros is the god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection. Although Eros is generally portrayed as a slender winged youth in Classical Greek art, during the Hellenistic period, he was increasingly portrayed as a chubby boy (quite visible on my coin also). During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that represent his source of power: a person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid's arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire. In Latin literature, Cupid is usually treated as the son of Venus without reference to a father. Seneca says that Vulcan, as the husband of Venus, is the father of Cupid. Cicero, however, says that there were three Cupids, as well as three Venuses: the first Cupid was the son of Mercury and Diana, the second of Mercury and the second Venus, and the third of Mars and the third Venus. This last Cupid was the equivalent of Anteros, "Counter-Love", one of the Erotes, the gods who embody aspects of love. The multiple Cupids frolicking in art are the decorative manifestation of these proliferating loves and desires. In the later classical tradition, Cupid is most often regarded as the son of Venus and Mars, whose love affair represented an allegory of Love and War. The duality between the primordial and the sexually conceived Eros accommodated philosophical concepts of Heavenly and Earthly Love even in the Christian era. Quite pleased with my coin - although I would have preferred a smaller price, as usually - and the only thing I don't like about it is the small flan - losing the exergue and the lyre in the left - but there are definitely unimportant aspects since Venus and Cupids are completely in the flan ... and I also liked the detailed obverse helmet. Please post - coins from personalities with famous names, even if the fame of the name doesn't fully belong to them - Eros/Cupid coins - bigas featuring fantastic creatures - ... any coins 🙂 Edited February 11 by ambr0zie 21 1 2 1 4 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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