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Armed and Dangerous Emperors


LONGINUS
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I did a search of this forum for “armed emperors”...

...and “emperors with weapons” and no such post came up. I was not sure if this topic had been covered before.

I’ve never owned any weapon wielding Roman emperor coins before October of this year. These folks died a violent death, either in battle or at the hands of assassins. I was preparing to create a crossed sword graphic for this post but then decided against it. All of these emperors are carrying spears and I don’t see any swords.

image.jpeg.80ab587865666445ad62940ffb1ff7f2.jpeg

 

 

Please post your coins featuring armed emperors or weapon brandishing deities.

 

 

 

 

 

Edited by LONGINUS
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heres probus with a shield and spear

image.jpeg.89850f3ace56dc8d410b7376c278c989.jpeg

Probus BI Antoninianus. Rome, AD 276-282. IMP PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust to left, holding spear and shield / ROMAE AETER, hexastyle temple with statue of Roma seated facing within, holding Victory and sceptre; R*Γ in exergue. RIC V.2 185. 4.88g, 26mm, 2h.

Edited by Cordoba
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Beautiful Probus @Cordoba Its my favorite bust type of him - radiate helmeted, and its in my must have list. Hopefully soon!

And heres another warrior:

Postumus AE Antoninianus, Lugdunum?, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, SAECVLI FELICITAS, RIC83

IMG_20210403_174426 - Copy.JPG

Edited by madhatter
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Nice topic. Here's one of Arcadius with a spear.

Arcadius.jpg.21a565d6193526126270ddf4ed7c36de.jpg

Arcadius
BI 3.00g, 18mm, 6h.
Cyzicus, 395-401 CE
D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust to right / VIRTVS EXERCITI, emperor standing facing, head to right, holding spear, resting on shield, and being crowned by Victory standing to left and holding palm branch; SMKB in exergue
RIC X 66
Ex Roma

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Just remembered that I have this one too of Demetrios I Poliorketes hurling a spear and running over a lion (most likely symbolic of Lysimachos)

331A0267-Edit.jpg.5e3cf50febd3c82fdcf71e2291100922.jpg

Demetrios I Poliorketes
AE 18 mm, 5.20 g, 6 h
uncertain mint in Macedon or Greece (?)
circa 300 BCE
Prow to left. Rev. ΔΗΜ / ΒΑΣΙ Demetrios on horseback galloping left, hurling spear; to left, forepart of a lion right.
HGC 3, 1024. Newell 179 and pl. XVII, 18. SNG Alpha Bank -. SNG München -.
Ex Leu

 

Then of course there's these. Evidently you had to be careful in ancient Persia if you saw the king running around. He carried all sorts of weapons.

331A0538-Edit.jpg.759565e567c312882aecaabae5cbda70.jpg

Achaemenid Kings of Persia
AR-Siglos 5.6 gm, 15mm
Sardis. c. 375-340 BCE
Obv: King r., dagger and bow. Rev: Incuse rectangle
Carradice Type IV C (pl.14, 49); BMC Arabia pl. 27, 19
Ex Akropolis Coins (PeteB)

 

331A5141-Edit.jpg.00a82156e61ad2f87708eb4dd58b7977.jpg

Persia, Achaemenid Empire, temp. Artaxerxes III to Darios III
c. 350-333 BCE
AE 11mm, 2.39g
Uncertain mint in western Asia Minor (Ionia or Sardes?). Persian king, wearing kidaris and kandys, in kneeling-running stance r., holding spear in r. hand, bow in l.; c/m: eight-rayed star within incuse circle. R/ Incuse rectangle, containing pattern possibly depicting relief map of the hinterland of Ephesos.
Johnston, Earliest, Æ 4; Mildenberg, Münzwesen pp. 25-26 and pl. XIII, 112; BMC (Ionia) p. 34, 7.
Ex London Ancient Coins

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Domitianus

A.D. 87 - 88   ;    Rome

Obv : IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VI

head laur.r.

rev : IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS PPP

minerva r.with spear and shield, owl on foot

RIC II 95  ; 1.80 gr  ;    20.25 mm

do.jpg.7001718e7000e118099ea4ed5fbe3254.jpg

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16 hours ago, LONGINUS said:

Please post your coins featuring..............weapon brandishing deities.

normal_Herakleia_01_.jpg.7c5393fc449605c7578de17dbd5f7d30.jpg

Lucania, Herakleia
Æ14, 3rd century BC
Obv.: Draped bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Rev.: HPAKΛEIΩN, Female(?) marin divinity with human upper part of the body right, round shield in left hand, spear over shoulder; in field left, thunderbolt.
Æ, 2.45g, 13.6mm
Ref.: SNG Cop. 1142, Weber Coll. 724 var. (star on rev.).

 

normal_Perrhaiboi_1.jpg.a2beeebc8c8b53ed43d34bfdbfccd893.jpg

Thessaly, Perrhaiboi
Obol, 450-400 BC
Obv.: Athena Itonia right in fighting attitude, holding spear and shield, P-[E-R]-A
Rev.: Horse galloping left, trailing rein
Ag, 0.65g, 9.7mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 195

 

normal_Antoninus_Pius_R816_FAC.jpg.126ef2dc8ad5ae169c0e7acdc588c416.jpg

Antoninus Pius
Egypt, Alexandria.
Tetradrachm 141-142 (year 5)
Obv.: ΑΝΤⲰΝΙΝΟϹ ϹƐΒ ƐVϹΒ, laureate head of Antoninus Pius, r.
Rev.: Artemis advancing, r., drawing arrow from quiver at shoulder, holding bow; at feet, dog r. and in field, L-Ɛ
Ref.: Dattari-Savio Pl. 108, 2152 (this coin).
Billon, 24mm, 13.53g

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1560307596_Sep_Sev.RIC167aRomeAD201obv_rev..jpg.4da65bb407fdc35aa030040942516026.jpg

This denarius depicts Septimius Severus sacrificing over a tripod altar & holding a spear, ready to "restore the world" RESTITVTOR VRBIS.

Galerius.jpg.834063d9dd35f9dd14d70f5a8ed2f5aa.jpg

This nummus depicts Galerius battle ready with helmet, spear & shield.

Edited by Al Kowsky
added info
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In Hinduism the trident is the weapon of Shiva known as Trishula (Sanskrit for "triple-spear").

jd3black.jpg.c7af5449100eddb34b778d1e907df505.jpg

Jaga Deva..1199-1213 AD.....19mm/5.70gr...Die axis 12 o'clock.
Obverse...Ardochsho (Lakshmi) seated cross-legged facing in lalitasana (with right leg folded under and left leg hanging down), holding diadem in right hand and long-stemmed lotus in left hand, legend in Sharada script, to the left: 'Ja', to the right 'ga'.
Reverse...Highly stylized King standing facing, sacrificing at an altar to the left. Holding trident in left hand. Bottom right legend in Sharada script 'Deva'....Ex-William Spengler collection.
MNI..195-96..

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Catering to the topic (despite my comfort zone being weaponry of Western Asia),  here's a (probably) Roman spearhead.

1007237844_IronSpearhead2b.jpg.95bfb0628c26fa965c8487b46ad7521f.jpg

Roman, 1st – 4th century AD

(Supposedly from the Danubian Limes)

Iron, 18.4 cm (7.25”)

 

Description:

Barbed “plumbata” head, long tapering socket, tip bent from impact.

 

Cf. Radman-Livaja, Ivan (Militaria Sisciensia: Nalazi rimske vojne opreme iz Siska u fundusu Arheoloskoga muzeja u Zagrebu, 2004), figure 28. And a similar head, although on a Roman plumbata rather than a spearhead: figure 34.

Cf. Unz, Christopher and Deschler-Erb, Eckhard (Katalog der Militaria aus Vindonissa, 1997), figures 332, 333.

 

 

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Here are 2 more

Probus

pro_1280x631.jpg.b006a2541183b8010a72741a6c550d10.jpg

PROBUS

IMP C M AUR PROBUS P AVG

ADVENTUS AVG //X?

RIC Vb 625

Arcadius

ar_1280x631.jpg.0c5987aa712f108335ed9bdc47bc173f.jpg

DN ARCADI - US PF AVG

CONCORDI - A AVGG //SMKA

Cyzicus   ; A.D.401 – 403

RIC X 94

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Since some people have already widened the field a little, this thread is screaming for a medieval German emperor who was keen to associate his own dynasty with Charlemagne's, and (...no coincidence) to perpetuate the notion that the Carolingian empire represented a revived Roman empire in western Europe.  This is lifted, shamelessly, from a post in the 'Medieval Monday' thread.

STAUFEN, FRIEDRICH I BARBAROSSA, AACHEN, DENAR, OBV..jpg

STAUFEN, FRIEDRICH I BARBAROSSA, AACHEN, DENAR, REV..jpg

Friedrich I, 'Barbarossa.'  AR denar of Aachen, issued c. 1171-1190.
Obv. Friedrich crowned, enthroned, holding sword and orb, star in right field.
FREDERI [...] IM-P-R (‘FREDERI [CVS] IMP [E] R [ATOR].
Rev. Stylized skyline of Aachen, with crenellated stone wall and gate in the ‘foreground,’ roofs and spire (/dome) above.
+ROMA CAPVT MVNDI (‘Rome, Capital of the World’). (The spire may represent the central dome of Charlemagne’s original chapel, emulating the dome of Justinian in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. And, like it, still extant, as part of the much larger cathedral complex in modern Aachen.)
Bonhoff 1605 (plate coin); Krummbach 27.2, Menadier 27.
Since Aachen /Aix was Charlemagne's capital, the reverse legend symptomizes not only broader 12th-century perceptions of the Carolingian empire as a legitimate successor to the (western) Roman one, but also, given all that, how keen Friedrich was to appropriate Charlemagne's dynastic legacy.

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