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DR’s First Ancient Coins of the Year & Imperial Equestrian Collection


LONGINUS

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Posted (edited)

 

The Geta, Philip I, and Gordian III denarii are my most recent 2024 additions.

 

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I’d love to see your Imperial stables.

 

 

Edited by LONGINUS
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Emperors on horseback...

1. Sestertius of Nero on horseback - DECVRSIO ...

9KjENo3Yc2B9bWr46zAwN5q776ZpQR.jpg.915aa1cf6fa3ff54a01600d3bce25822.jpg

 

 

1. Aureus of Vespasian with both sons, Titus and Domitian , on horseback...

2rGYrGe6X8PpTc5SE35y4tQsF9tzgm.jpg.23c97813ab1792e622c48d93bffb243e.jpg

 

3. Dupondius of Trajan on horseback spearing Dacian...

z56176.jpg.4526f9683e805250ad88def9513b2dac.jpg

 

4. Sestertius of Marcus Aurelius on horseback setting out on campaign....

 

Nnz92fXycM4yD6rg5boPL3idQR7a8g.jpg.5c0c3d1d10d30c38136176bca51194f9.jpg

 

5.  Antoninianus of Decius  - his ADVENTVS...

4495540l.jpg.42a56c407d81d1c66d23d00add802cb3.jpg

 

6. ADVENTVS  of Probus , with him on horseback....

J8c9qR82Y43j6aSYC2ez3kHJGP5tX7.jpg.f85f0c68ba5313c6042ede20722e7647.jpg

 

 

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9 hours ago, Octavius said:

Emperors on horseback...

1. Sestertius of Nero on horseback - DECVRSIO ...

9KjENo3Yc2B9bWr46zAwN5q776ZpQR.jpg.915aa1cf6fa3ff54a01600d3bce25822.jpg

 

 

1. Aureus of Vespasian with both sons, Titus and Domitian , on horseback...

2rGYrGe6X8PpTc5SE35y4tQsF9tzgm.jpg.23c97813ab1792e622c48d93bffb243e.jpg

 

3. Dupondius of Trajan on horseback spearing Dacian...

z56176.jpg.4526f9683e805250ad88def9513b2dac.jpg

 

4. Sestertius of Marcus Aurelius on horseback setting out on campaign....

 

Nnz92fXycM4yD6rg5boPL3idQR7a8g.jpg.5c0c3d1d10d30c38136176bca51194f9.jpg

 

5.  Antoninianus of Decius  - his ADVENTVS...

4495540l.jpg.42a56c407d81d1c66d23d00add802cb3.jpg

 

6. ADVENTVS  of Probus , with him on horseback....

J8c9qR82Y43j6aSYC2ez3kHJGP5tX7.jpg.f85f0c68ba5313c6042ede20722e7647.jpg

 

 

Octavius, These are all great additions 🤩! The Trajan Decius portrait is the definition of verism 😲. The hefty looking sestertius of Nero is my favorite 😍.

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Beautiful coins and presentation, @LONGINUS. Same for you, @Octavius!

I found fewer Emperors on horseback among my coins than I had expected.

One doesn't necessarily expect to see Hadrian that way, but here he is:

Hadrian, AE 18, Baris, Pisidia (SW Anatolia N of Lycia, near today’s Farı mevkii, Kılıç, Turkey), 118-138 AD. Obv. Laureate and draped bust right, AYT TRAI AΔPIANOC / Rev. Emperor in military dress, on horseback galloping right, brandishing javelin at serpent beneath horse’s hooves, BAPHNΩN. RPC III Online 2776 (see https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/2776) (4 specimens; 14 on acsearch); Von Aulock, Pisidiens II 236-7 corr.; SNG Copenhagen Part 32 107-108 var. (obv. legend); SNG von Aulock Vol. 3 5009 var. (same). Purchased at JAZ Numismatics Auction 195, Lot 10, 2 Dec. 2021; ex Auktionshaus H. D. Rauch GmbH, Auction 103, Lot 107, 23 March 2017.  18 mm., 3.9 g., 6 h.

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Gordian III AR Denarius, 240 AD [TRP III]. Obv. Laureate head right, IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Rev. Gordian on horseback left, holding spear downwards in left hand & raising right hand, PM TR P III COS PP. RIC IV-3 81, RSC IV 234 (ill. p. 7 & on book jacket), Sear RCV III 8678. 18 mm., 3.59 g.

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Some Probi (Probuses?)

Probus, silvered billon Antoninianus, Serdica [Sofia, Bulgaria] Mint, 3rd Officina, 4th emission, 280-281 AD [Gysen]. 277 AD (Sear). Obv. Cuirassed bust left wearing radiate helmet, holding spear and shield, transverse leather strap across chest, IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG / Rev. Probus on horseback, shield in left hand, galloping right, about to slay an enemy with a lance held in right hand; the enemy is on his knees under the horse's front hooves with his hands thrust upwards, his shield on the ground under the horse, VIRTVS PROBI AVG; in exergue, KA•Γ• (Serdica Mint, Officina 3) (KA= XXI =[20/1 copper/silver ratio of alloy]. RIC V-2 Probus 877G( Γ) (p. 113); Cohen 917; Probuscoins.fr  2667 (https://probuscoins.fr/coin?id=2667); Pink [Karl Pink 1949], 277, 4th emission; P. Gysen type: VIR-1 [Philippe Gysen, New data concerning the Serdica workshop during the reign of Probus, in Revue belge de numismatique , CXLVI, Brussels, 2000] (re-dating Serdica Emission 4 at 280-281 AD). 24.31 mm., 3.26 g.

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Probus, silvered billion Antoninianus, Serdica [Sofia, Bulgaria] Mint, 1st Officina, 4th emission, 280-281 AD (Gysen), 277 AD (Sear). Obv. Cuirassed bust left wearing radiate helmet, seen from ¾ in front, holding spear over right shoulder with right hand, and shield covering left shoulder with left hand, IMP CM AVR PROBVS AVG / Rev. Probus on horseback pacing left, with right hand raised and holding long scepter with left hand, captive is seated left under raised right hoof of horse, leaning forward to left with his arms bound behind his back, VIRTVS PROBI AVG; in exergue, KA•A• (Serdica Mint, Officina 1) [KA= XXI = 20/1 copper/silver ratio of alloy]. RIC V.2 Probus 887 (p. 114); Cohen 925/926; Probuscoins.fr 2201 (https://probuscoins.fr/coin?id=2201) (BustType E); P. Gysen Type: VIR-adv [adventus scene] [Philippe. Gysen, New data concerning the Serdica workshop during the reign of Probus, in Revue belge de numismatique , CXLVI, Brussels, 2000] (redating Serdica Emission 4 at 280-281 AD); Pink, Emission 4 [Karl Pink, Numismatische Zeitschrift, Der Aufbau der Romischen Munzpragung in der Kaiserzeit, VI / 1 Probus (Wien, 1949)]; cf. Sear RCV III 12075 (ill.) (same except obv. legend has “PF” before AVG; see RIC V-2 886). 23 mm., 4.26 g. Purchased from Kirk Davis, Feb. 2021; ex. York Coins, UK, 2010.

 image.jpeg.df0cc979aa028cf392706ba315660923.jpeg

Probus, billon/AE Antoninianus [no remaining silvering], Rome Mint, 279 AD. Obv. Radiate, helmeted, & cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, IMP PROBVS AVG/ Rev. Probus riding left, extending arm in salute & holding scepter, horse’s right front hoof raised over bound captive seated left, ADVENTVS AVG. In exergue: R - pellet in crescent - ς (digamma/stigma) [Officina 6]. RIC V-2 157(ς); Cohen 37; Pink VI/1 p. 57. 23 mm., 2.75 g. [See http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/probus/RIC_0157_digamma_dot_in_cresc_left.txt.]

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I was going to try to count this Elizabeth II 1953 Coronation crown, but then I remembered that she was never an Empress. She missed that status by six years.

Elizabeth II Crown 1953 (Cupro-Nickel), S. 4136, old ESC 393D (Coronation Crown, Obv. Queen on horseback).

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I would love to have some of the types that @LONGINUS and @Octavius show in this thread, such as one of the Trajan bronze types depicting him on horseback riding down a Dacian, or the Marcus Aurelius (a type I've never seen before), or the Philip I, or the type with both Philip I and Philip II on horseback on the reverse. 

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I have loads of coins with horses from before and after the Roman Empire. But aside from fallen horsemen, this is my only Roman Empire horse. Not very pretty and quite simplistic compared to the above!

Septimius Severus Denarius, 196
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Rome. Silver, 17mm, 3.02g. Laureate bust right; L SEP SEV PERT [AVG IMP VIII]. Emperor riding right with right hand raised; ADVENTVI AVG FELICISSIMO (RIC IV.1, 74). Found on the Isle of Wight, 2021. Portable Antiquities Scheme: IOW-5782FE.

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I find this sestertius of Domitian particularly interesting, because it depicts him on horseback chasing down a Germanic enemy, I believe the Chatti, and spearing him. To my knowledge, though Domitian was very learned in literature and poetry, he never fought in battle.

To me this seems like an example of ancient, imperial "stolen valor".

 

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Brilliant stuff as usual, Deacon Ray!

Except, here's one instance when I can split a hair.  Your second graphic, with the (presumed) Romans on horseback, includes stirrups.

Except, Woops, as any student of medieval history can tell you, the Romans of the Classical age never adopted stirrups.  (Edit: witness the complete absence of them in any of the coins anyone here has posted.)  They were a central Asian invention, as early as the 2nd c. CE, but only adopted by the Byzantines in the 6th century at the earliest. 

The Wiki article is notably comprehensive and well documented.  Along with lots of other fun detail, it notes that "the stirrup, which gives greater stability to a rider, has been described as one of the most significant inventions in the history of warfare, prior to gunpowder."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stirrup#History

This was a major factor in allowing the Avars, along with various Germanic tribes who had adopted the technology, and ultimately the Huns to near-literally run roughshod over the Romans from the 3rd to the 5th centuries.

Over ensuing centuries, some of their descendants were more than happy to adopt (or perpetuate) the stirrup.  This allowed the massed knights' charge, with couched lances.  A tactic which dominated medieval battlefields, especially in western Europe, over the 12th and 13th centuries.  Not effectively challenged, never mind supplanted, until the adoption of equally massed pikes, followed by the longbow (the medieval AK-47), by infantry.

By now, this is an embarrassingly frequent repost.  But It shows you a typical mounted knight, c. early 13th century, replete with a stirrup and early, prick spur.  (Brabant, Henri I, petit denier.)

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This, and later issues of the Duchy of Lorraine, imitate the obverse motif of seals going back to the early 12th century, especially in France and Norman England.  Here's the one that my avatar comes from.  From Jean d'Acre, a son of his namesake, Jean de Brienne, but here as 'boutillier,' actually a fairly high office in the royal court of Philippe IV.  Dated 1288.

File:Jean de Brienne 1288.jpg

 

Edited by JeandAcre
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Posted (edited)
35 minutes ago, JeandAcre said:

...Romans of the Classical age never adopted stirrups.

 

Thanks, @JeandAcre!

I’m going to try to program that into my A.I. illustration software. 🎨

 

 

Edited by LONGINUS
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Beautiful coins, @LONGINUS! What a way to start the new year! This thread needs some T-Bone!!

TrebonianusGallusADVENTVSAVGAntiochantoninianus.jpg.71078fd7afe786c6ea26ea216f41c722.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus, AD 251-253.
Roman AR antoninianus, 3.82 g, 19.7 mm, 11 h.
Antioch, second series, AD 251-252.
Obv: IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor on horseback, left, raising right hand and holding scepter.
Refs: RIC 79; Cohen 2; RCV 9622; Hunter 56; ERIC II 44.

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