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The Goddess Tyche


Al Kowsky
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The Goddess Tyche holds a special place in ancient mythology, she was honored by the Greeks, Romans, & Parthians. Tyche was the goddess of destiny in Greek mythology, controlling the positive & negative outcomes of people & their cities. Her name means luck in Greek. Tyche is usually depicted wearing a mural crown in the form of protective city walls, & often she carries a cornucopia. 

1037347465_RomaXXlot292image(2).jpg.320e0e015e0babe8e407b54a9ccf7c69.jpg

Seleukis & Pieria, Seleukeia. Dated year 18 (92-91 BC). Obverse: Turreted head of Tyche. Reverse: Thunderbolt of Zeus placed on a stool, surrounded by an olive wreath. AR Tetradrachm: 15.00 gm, 34 mm, 12 h. Al Kowsky Collection.

997197574_2420228-004ExAlKowskyCollection.jpg.85e5c041471722a06355f4aeb784be6d.jpg

421190099_100_5907(2).JPG.4062aeba264a4d384095c55646e7d981.JPG1785157321_100_5909(2).JPG.70b1173598c8e7e4bfd233d56b2ccedc.JPG

Ex Al Kowsky Collection

Nvmis Forvms members are welcome to post their coins of Tyche 😊. While I was completing this thread I lost my internet connection 😖; can I blame Tyche for this 🤔?

 

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Posted · Supporter
Posted (edited)

Nice coins !! Every city needs a Tyche.

Here are are a few of mine:

 

normal_Anazarbos_1.jpg.23088a03fe2fdd0c5f572c14f9edc0fa.jpg

Cilicia, Anazarbos
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Time of Trajan, 113 - 114 AD
Obv.: KAICAPEΩN ΠP ANAZAPBΩ laureate head of Zeus right
Rev.: ETOVC BΛP, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche right
BΛP = local year 132
AE, 21.85 mm, 7.74g
Ref.: SNG Levante 1379

 

Skyscraper Tyche: Looks more like New York than Laodicea

 

normal_Antoninus_Pius_R631.jpg.a721897348da60fbea040ecbdd4b3de4.jpg

Antoninus Pius
Syria, Laodicea ad Mare
AE25
Obv.: ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑ ΤΙ ΑΙ ΑΔΡΙ ΑΝΤωΝƐΙΝΟС СƐΒ, laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right
Rev.: ΙΟΥΛΙƐωΝ ΤωΝ ΚΑΙ ΛΑΟΔΙΚƐωΝ ΘƐΟ ΗΠΡ, turreted and draped bust of Tyche wearing bunch of grapes, left
AE, 9.73g, 25mm
Ref.: RPC IV online 6265 temp.; SNG Copenhagen 350; BMC 61

 

And always the trouble with the river gods:

normal_Trajan_04.jpg.0623b31105a9ebaa39c15a858c7867ed.jpg

Trajan, 98-117 AD.
Phoenicia, Tyre
AR Tetradrachm
Dated year 18 (113/4 AD).
Obv.: AΥTOKΡ KAIC NEΡ TΡAIANOC CEB ΓEΡM ΔAK, Laureate head right; club and eagle below
Rev.: ΔHMAΡC EΞ IH ΥΠATϚ , Tyche seated right on rocks, holding grain ears and poppies, river-god Orontes swimming right below.
Ag, 23.3mm, 14.28 g
Prieur 1501.

 

 

normal_Livia_01.jpg.60ae4d890cf4be338be4e7d39ff3da78.jpg

Livia, wife of Augustus
Cilicia, Augusta
Æ 18mm
Dated year 6 (AD 26/27)
Obv.: IOYΛIΛ [CE]BACTH , Draped bust right
Rev.: [E]TOYC ς AYΓOY CTANWN, Tyche seated right on rock, holding grain ear, river god Saros at feet.
AE, 18mm, 4.36 g
Ref.: SNG Levante 1241 (this coin), RPC I 4009 (this coin)
ex CNG eAuction 106, lot 180

 

 

Edited by shanxi
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Of course, this thread needs a Tyche standing type or two.

[IMG]
Faustina II, AD 147-175.
Roman provincial Æ 26.85 mm, 13.64 g, 12 h.
Samaria, Neapolis, AD 159/160.
Obv: ΦΑVCΤЄΙΝΑ CЄΒ ЄVCЄ CЄΒΑ ΘVΓ, diademed and draped bust, right.
Rev: ΦΛ ΝЄΑCΠΟΛЄⲰ CVΡΙΑC ΠΑΛΑΙCΤΙ, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; year ЄΤ ΠΗ.
Refs: RPC IV.3, 6340 (temporary); Lindgren A2431B; SNG ANS 973; Hendin 880; Rosenberger 20.
Notes: The obverse titulature, ΦΑVCΤЄΙΝΑ CЄΒ ЄVCЄ CЄΒΑ ΘVΓ, is translated as "Faustina Augusta, daughter of Pius Augustus" and corresponds to the Latin FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL found on imperial issues for her. Ex George Fisher Collection.

[IMG]
Diocletian, AD 284-305.
Roman billon tetradrachm, 19.1 mm, 6.91 g, 12 h.
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 286-7.
Obv: Α Κ Γ ΟVΑΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CЄΒ, laureate head, right.
Rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; L Γ (=regnal year 3) behind.
Refs: Dattari 5755; BMCG 2524; Milne 4821; Cologne 3230; RCV 12865; Curtis 2025; MRKA 1261; Emmett 4082.
 
 
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54 minutes ago, shanxi said:

Nice coins !! Every city needs a Tyche.

Here are are a few of mine:

 

normal_Anazarbos_1.jpg.23088a03fe2fdd0c5f572c14f9edc0fa.jpg

Cilicia, Anazarbos
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Time of Trajan, 113 - 114 AD
Obv.: KAICAPEΩN ΠP ANAZAPBΩ laureate head of Zeus right
Rev.: ETOVC BΛP, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche right
BΛP = local year 132
AE, 21.85 mm, 7.74g
Ref.: SNG Levante 1379

 

Skyscraper Tyche: Looks more like New York than Laodicea

 

normal_Antoninus_Pius_R631.jpg.a721897348da60fbea040ecbdd4b3de4.jpg

Antoninus Pius
Syria, Laodicea ad Mare
AE25
Obv.: ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑ ΤΙ ΑΙ ΑΔΡΙ ΑΝΤωΝƐΙΝΟС СƐΒ, laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right
Rev.: ΙΟΥΛΙƐωΝ ΤωΝ ΚΑΙ ΛΑΟΔΙΚƐωΝ ΘƐΟ ΗΠΡ, turreted and draped bust of Tyche wearing bunch of grapes, left
AE, 9.73g, 25mm
Ref.: RPC IV online 6265 temp.; SNG Copenhagen 350; BMC 61

 

And always the trouble with the river gods:

normal_Trajan_04.jpg.0623b31105a9ebaa39c15a858c7867ed.jpg

Trajan, 98-117 AD.
Phoenicia, Tyre
AR Tetradrachm
Dated year 18 (113/4 AD).
Obv.: AΥTOKΡ KAIC NEΡ TΡAIANOC CEB ΓEΡM ΔAK, Laureate head right; club and eagle below
Rev.: ΔHMAΡC EΞ IH ΥΠATϚ , Tyche seated right on rocks, holding grain ears and poppies, river-god Orontes swimming right below.
Ag, 23.3mm, 14.28 g
Prieur 1501.

 

 

normal_Livia_01.jpg.60ae4d890cf4be338be4e7d39ff3da78.jpg

Livia, wife of Augustus
Cilicia, Augusta
Æ 18mm
Dated year 6 (AD 26/27)
Obv.: IOYΛIΛ [CE]BACTH , Draped bust right
Rev.: [E]TOYC ς AYΓOY CTANWN, Tyche seated right on rock, holding grain ear, river god Saros at feet.
AE, 18mm, 4.36 g
Ref.: SNG Levante 1241 (this coin), RPC I 4009 (this coin)
ex CNG eAuction 106, lot 180

 

 

shanxi, Wonderful group of coins 😊! I especially like the finely styled Tyche with the "skyscraper" crown 🤩.

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41 minutes ago, Roman Collector said:

Of course, this thread needs a Tyche standing type or two.

[IMG]
Faustina II, AD 147-175.
Roman provincial Æ 26.85 mm, 13.64 g, 12 h.
Samaria, Neapolis, AD 159/160.
Obv: ΦΑVCΤЄΙΝΑ CЄΒ ЄVCЄ CЄΒΑ ΘVΓ, diademed and draped bust, right.
Rev: ΦΛ ΝЄΑCΠΟΛЄⲰ CVΡΙΑC ΠΑΛΑΙCΤΙ, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; year ЄΤ ΠΗ.
Refs: RPC IV.3, 6340 (temporary); Lindgren A2431B; SNG ANS 973; Hendin 880; Rosenberger 20.
Notes: The obverse titulature, ΦΑVCΤЄΙΝΑ CЄΒ ЄVCЄ CЄΒΑ ΘVΓ, is translated as "Faustina Augusta, daughter of Pius Augustus" and corresponds to the Latin FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL found on imperial issues for her. Ex George Fisher Collection.

[IMG]
Diocletian, AD 284-305.
Roman billon tetradrachm, 19.1 mm, 6.91 g, 12 h.
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 286-7.
Obv: Α Κ Γ ΟVΑΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CЄΒ, laureate head, right.
Rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; L Γ (=regnal year 3) behind.
Refs: Dattari 5755; BMCG 2524; Milne 4821; Cologne 3230; RCV 12865; Curtis 2025; MRKA 1261; Emmett 4082.
 
 

R.C., Two excellent examples 😊. In Roman mythology the goddess Fortuna is interchangeable with Tyche. Fortuna is usually depicted with the cornucopia & ship's rudder as the controller of destiny.

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I don't have any coins with bust of Tyche (easy to recognize because of the turreted feature) but I have some coins where she is the main reverse character. Here are the ones I like the most

image.png.cd8f4ccad9f098ac2b2c82935346765a.png

PISIDIA, Antiochia. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ 23mm . Draped bust right / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. SNG France 1126-34

And my only coin with confronted busts.

image.png.643f5ce9641c98de07c0cee6dd66a951.png

Moesia Inferior. Marcianopolis. Septimius Severus, with Julia Domna AD 193-211.
Pentassarion Æ
28 mm, 11,42 g
Septimius Severus, with Julia Domna. AD 193-211. Moesia, Marcianopolis.
Flavius Ulpianus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 210-211. Æ Pentassarion .
AV K Λ CEΠ CEYHΡOC IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CEB; Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Septimius Severus and draped bust of Julia Domna facing one another / ΥΦΛ ΟΥΛΠΙΑΝΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ; Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; Є (mark of value) to left. H&J, Marcianopolis 6.15.35.4; AMNG I 601; Varbanov 868; Moushmov 411.

 

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Here's two Tyche's - one with an elaborate head dress featuring the city walls and battlements, and the other more of a basket of fruit look...

Antoninus Pius, Laodicaea ad Mare
Obverse: Portrait of AP right
Reverse: Portrait of Tyche left, with city represented on her head

[IMG]

[IMG]

 

Tranquillina, wife of Gordian III, AE 26 of Singara, 10.7 grams, 12h

MESOPOTAMIA, Singara

Obverse: SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: AVP CEP KOA CINT APA; veiled bust of Tyche right; centaur Sagittarius leaping right and discharging bow above.

Reference: BMC Arabia p. 136, 14; SNG Copenhagen 258


tranquillina1.jpg

tranquillina2.jpg

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6 hours ago, Alegandron said:

image.jpeg.9c497f38d9ecf01ca5d69ff34e06e5bc.jpeg

PHOENICIA TYRE AE20 7g 76 BCE Turret hd Tyche palm branch - Galley prow volute aphlaston (abstract bird with multiple beaks facing inward from stern) at stern Phoenican letters BMC 26

Despite plenty of wear, the high relief on this coin left a strong image on both sides 😊.

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5 hours ago, Ancient Coin Hunter said:

Here's two Tyche's - one with an elaborate head dress featuring the city walls and battlements, and the other more of a basket of fruit look...

Antoninus Pius, Laodicaea ad Mare
Obverse: Portrait of AP right
Reverse: Portrait of Tyche left, with city represented on her head

[IMG]

[IMG]

 

Tranquillina, wife of Gordian III, AE 26 of Singara, 10.7 grams, 12h

MESOPOTAMIA, Singara

Obverse: SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: AVP CEP KOA CINT APA; veiled bust of Tyche right; centaur Sagittarius leaping right and discharging bow above.

Reference: BMC Arabia p. 136, 14; SNG Copenhagen 258


tranquillina1.jpg

tranquillina2.jpg

A.C.H., Two lovely coins, especially the Antoninus bronze. Do you know the counterstamp on that coin 🤔?

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2 hours ago, Prieure de Sion said:

Has anyone said Tyche? Cool, so I can post my newest buy. 

 

63-AD-Prieur-1104-Silver-Tetradrachm-Lao

63 AD – Prieur 1104 – Silver Tetradrachm - Laodicea ad Mare – Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

P. de Sion, That coin is truly breathtaking 😲, & could form the centerpiece of a Roman provincial collection 😉. Lovely cabinet toning too. What is the weight & diameter 🤔?

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6 hours ago, ambr0zie said:

I don't have any coins with bust of Tyche (easy to recognize because of the turreted feature) but I have some coins where she is the main reverse character. Here are the ones I like the most

image.png.cd8f4ccad9f098ac2b2c82935346765a.png

PISIDIA, Antiochia. Julia Domna. Augusta, AD 193-217. Æ 23mm . Draped bust right / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. SNG France 1126-34

 

 

And my only coin with confronted busts.

image.png.643f5ce9641c98de07c0cee6dd66a951.png

Moesia Inferior. Marcianopolis. Septimius Severus, with Julia Domna AD 193-211.
Pentassarion Æ
28 mm, 11,42 g
Septimius Severus, with Julia Domna. AD 193-211. Moesia, Marcianopolis.
Flavius Ulpianus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 210-211. Æ Pentassarion .
AV K Λ CEΠ CEYHΡOC IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CEB; Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Septimius Severus and draped bust of Julia Domna facing one another / ΥΦΛ ΟΥΛΠΙΑΝΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ; Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; Є (mark of value) to left. H&J, Marcianopolis 6.15.35.4; AMNG I 601; Varbanov 868; Moushmov 411.

 

Ozie, Those are two lovely provincials, especially the Severus-Domna bronze 😊. Great strike & patina on that one too 😉.

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5 minutes ago, Al Kowsky said:

P. de Sion, That coin is truly breathtaking 😲, & could form the centerpiece of a Roman provincial collection 😉. Lovely cabinet toning too. What is the weight & diameter 🤔?

You are right. Here the missing informations.

 

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Laodicea ad Mare, Syria Phoenice
63/64 AD
Tetradrachm
Silver
24.00mm
13.69g
Prieur 1104 (7 ex)

Obverse: Diademed bust of Nero with laurel wreath to the right / ΝΕΡΩΝΟΣ · ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΥ · ΚΑΙΣΑΡΟΣ · ΦΙ

Reverse: Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche to right / ΙΟΥΛΙΕΩΝ · ΤΩΝ · ΚΑΙ · ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ · ΑΡΙΣ · ΙΣΑ · ΑΙΡ

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Although I've got a number of Tyches in better condition (like this one, for example), my most important Tyche (well, my most important Tyche coin, that is) is below. It's a plate coin from David Sellwood's The Coinage of Parthia, 2nd edition.

Sellwood_79_5_Vologases_III_tetradrachm.jpg.8525ae907315893179e171b4cbe8289f.jpg

Vologases III

tetradrachm, 105 – 147 AD
Sellwood 79.5
(This coin illustrated in the catalog of Sellwood's "An Introduction to The Coinage of Parthia", 2nd edition)
Ex-David Sellwood Collection

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Posted · Supporter

Good Zeus! This thread is an embarrassment of riches!

I thought I had some ok Tyche coins... nope. 

But here's what I do have.

Some wild and lovely artistry out of Mesopotamia for Caracalla... or Elagabalus:

2184595_1631628622.l-removebg-preview.png.a5d9cdeeb279b3da67f979d3574f2bae.png2357772_1636989745.l-removebg-preview.png.075a2fba8337ee3f355cff3f9eecfb5f.pngshare7583978005720906388.png.df393d545631a1d7a05da21bf6b1cdb5.png1566967_1606945116.l-removebg-preview.png.03b14367926727f2498596482620fa9f.png

Ps, how do you pronounce her name again?

Pss, I found the joke. That I just made up in my mind that, "she must give good city." Highly offensive. 

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2 hours ago, Kamnaskires said:

Although I've got a number of Tyches in better condition (like this one, for example), my most important Tyche (well, my most important Tyche coin, that is) is below. It's a plate coin from David Sellwood's The Coinage of Parthia, 2nd edition.

Sellwood_79_5_Vologases_III_tetradrachm.jpg.8525ae907315893179e171b4cbe8289f.jpg

Vologases III

tetradrachm, 105 – 147 AD
Sellwood 79.5
(This coin illustrated in the catalog of Sellwood's "An Introduction to The Coinage of Parthia", 2nd edition)
Ex-David Sellwood Collection

Kam., This is a lovely looking coin of unusually fine style for Vologases III, with a great provenance 😊! Have you translated the date?

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16 minutes ago, Ryro said:

Good Zeus! This thread is an embarrassment of riches!

I thought I had some ok Tyche coins... nope. 

But here's what I do have.

Some wild and lovely artistry out of Mesopotamia for Caracalla... or Elagabalus:

2184595_1631628622.l-removebg-preview.png.a5d9cdeeb279b3da67f979d3574f2bae.png2357772_1636989745.l-removebg-preview.png.075a2fba8337ee3f355cff3f9eecfb5f.pngshare7583978005720906388.png.df393d545631a1d7a05da21bf6b1cdb5.png1566967_1606945116.l-removebg-preview.png.03b14367926727f2498596482620fa9f.png

Ps, how do you pronounce her name again?

Pss, I found the joke. That I just made up in my mind that, "she must give good city." Highly offensive. 

Ryro, That's a great group of coins with a couple of bizarre looking portraits of Tyche 😬! The 1st portrait looks like an abstract expressionist creation. The 2nd coin's reverse reminds me of the famous marble relief in the Louvre Museum.

F0478_Louvre_Trois_Tyches_Ma590_rwk.jpg.53b5d27987d9db253e2b59aae9dfb8f6.jpg

The 4th bronze coin has the most interesting portrait of Tyche that I've seen 😲. Her kryptonite eye looks like it could pierce an iron shield 🤣.

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29 minutes ago, Al Kowsky said:

Kam., This is a lovely looking coin of unusually fine style for Vologases III, with a great provenance 😊! Have you translated the date?

ΓΛY equals 433 SE. This equates to the year between October 121 and September 122. Although on this example the month, in exergue, is off-flan, Sellwood lists all type 79 with the year ΓΛY reverse and the delta monogram on the obverse as struck in January (ΠEPITEIOY). So, the coin was struck in January 122 AD.

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Outstanding tetradrachm @Al Kowsky!

Here's a few of my Tyche coins.

capp_0.jpg.096ed80a1c435718dde0fbb94087d2b7.jpg

Cappadocia, Caesaraea-Eusebia. Trajan AE13

Obv: Turreted bust of Tyche right.
Rev: Dotted border around pyramid. E-T/Γ (date) around.
2.3g 13.2mm.
CY 3 (AD 111/2).

 

Unusual depiction of Zeus holding Tyche.

gabala_0.jpg.8effa81ca2bcd769fcfd1e402a83210f.jpg

Cappadocia, Caesaraea-Eusebia. Trajan AE13

Obv: Turreted bust of Tyche right.
Rev: Dotted border around pyramid. E-T/Γ (date) around.
2.3g 13.2mm.
CY 3 (AD 111/2).

 

maximinus_II.jpg.afb69ca341565a078e817967892d295f.jpg

Maximinus II Persecution issue. AD 310-313.

Obv: GENIO ANTIOCHENI / Tyche seated facing; river-god Orontes swimming below.
Rev: APOLLONI SANCTO / Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre; A//SMA.
Æ16, Antioch mint, 1st officina.

 

aa4a.jpg.f6f1d0a952c802f78d96bbafdb978c42.jpg

Phoenicia, Sidon. AE16 time of Vespasian.

AD 69-79. Dated CY 188 (AD 77/8).
Obv: Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; before, star within crescent.
Rev: SIDWNWN QEAS Q, Galley left, HPR (date) above.
RPC II 2055.

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Posted · Benefactor
Posted (edited)

Lots of wonderful Tyches in this thread! Here are mine:

Trajan AR Tetradrachm, 112 AD, Seleucis & Pieria, Antioch Mint. Obv. Laureate head right, club below to left and eagle (standing right) below to right, AYTOKP KAIC NER TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ΔAK / Rev. Tyche of Antioch, wearing mural crown, seated on rocks, right, holding two ears of wheat and a poppy-head in her right hand, river god Orontes at her feet in river swimming right, looking up at Tyche, left arm extended and left forefinger pointed, [ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞ ΙϚ ΥΠΑΤ Ϛ= TR POT XVI, COS VI]. RPC [Roman Provincial Coinage] Vol. III 3543 (2015); RPC III Online 3543 at https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/3543, McAlee 471 (ill. p. 205) (Group 6) [Richard McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch (2007)]; Prieur 1499 [Michel and Karin Prieur, Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms (London, 2000)]; Sear GIC 1089 at p. 100 (ill.), attributed to Tyre [D. Sear, Greek Imperial Coins and their Values (1982)]. 25 mm., 13.88 g.

image.jpeg.cb3c61d6338272d43c5eb9f91b2fe09c.jpeg

Philip I AE Octassarion (8 Assaria), Second Issue, AD 247-249, Syria, Seleucis & Pieria, Antioch Mint. Obv. Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, ΑΥΤΟΚ Κ Μ ΙΟΥΛΙ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟϹ ϹƐΒ / Rev. Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; above, ram leaping right with head turned back left; star below bust; ΑΝΤΙΟΧƐΩΝ - ΜΗΤΡΟ ΚΟΛΩΝ around; Δ – Ɛ [Delta – Epsilon] across upper fields; S - C across lower fields. 30 mm., 15.68 g. McAlee 990 (ill. p. 345) [Richard McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch (2007)]; RPC VIII Online (unassigned, ID 7493) (see https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/type/7493); BMC 20 Syria 526 [Warwick Wroth, A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 20, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria (London, 1899) at p. 215]. Purchased from Kenneth W. Dorney, Feb. 2022.* [Footnotes omitted.]

image.jpeg.261cdea5aaf99a10355a70b931fd29c7.jpeg

Anonymous colonial civic issue, AE 23, 251 - 260 AD (Trebonianus Gallus to Valerian I), Troas, Alexandria Troas Mint. Obv. Draped bust of Tyche right, wearing mural crown, vexillum inscribed CO AV over right shoulder, CO ALEX TR / Rev. Horse (of Erichthonius?)* grazing to right, COL AVG, TROAD in exergue. RPC IX 505 (see https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/9/505); Bellinger A486 [Alfred A. Bellinger, Troy, The Coins (Princeton 1961)]; BMC 17 Troas, 46 var. [diff. legends]; see also id. 45, 47-50 var. [Warwick Wroth,  A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 17, Troas, Aeolis, and Lesbos (London 1894)]; SNG Copenhagen 108-113 [Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Copenhagen, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Part 20, Troas (1945)]. 23 mm., 5.80 g.  Ex: Pars Coins; Ex: Kenneth W. Dorney. [Footnote omitted.]

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Salonina (wife of Gallienus), Billon Tetradrachm, 266-267 AD (Year 14), Alexandria, Egypt mint.  Obv. Draped bust right, wearing stephane (Milne obv. type t4), KOPNHΛIA CAΛѠNЄINA CЄB / Rev. Tyche wearing long chiton and peplum, crowned with modius, reclining left on lectisternium* adorned with double garland, resting right hand on rudder, resting left elbow on arm of lectistermium and supporting head with left hand, LIΔ (Year 14) in left field, palm branch in exergue. 23.6 mm., 10.94 g. Emmett 3865.14 (R2), Milne 4140 at p. 99, K&G 91.47 (ill. p. 323), BMC 16 Alexandria 2266 at p. 294, Sear RCV III 10716, Dattari (Savio) 5342, Köln (Geissen) 2982.  Purchased from Marc R. Breitsprecher Oct. 2021. Ex. Stack’s Coin Galleries Mail Bid Sale, Nov. 13, 1985, part of Lot 209 (with original coin tag).

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Anonymous civic issue, reign of Maximinus II, AE quarter follis [?][Sear] or 1/12 nummus [?][McAlee p. 106], Antioch Mint (3rd Officina), ca. 311-312 AD. Obv. Tyche (city-goddess of Antioch) wearing mural crown, seated facing on rock, holding wheat or  grain ears with right hand and, with left hand, holding a two-handled basket (filled with wheat or grain ears[?]) resting on ground to right, river god Orontes swimming below, GENIO ANTIOCHINI / Rev. Apollo standing left, pouring libation from patera held in right hand, and holding lyre in raised left hand, Γ [gamma, signifying 3rd Officina] in right field, APOLLONI SANCTO around; in exergue, SMA [meaning Sigmata Moneta Antioch (money struck at Antioch) or Sacra Moneta Antioch]. [Not in RIC; see http://www.notinric.lechstepniewski.info/6ant_civ_4v.html .]  Sear RCV IV 14927 (ill); Vagi 2954; McAlee 170(c) (ill. p. 107); Van Heesch Type 3 [Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in Numismatic Chronicle (1993), pp. 63-75 & Pl. 11]; ERIC II, “Anonymous Religious Coinage of the Fourth Century,” pp. 1198-1199, No. 2. 16 mm., 1.35 g. [Struck either (1) to promote propaganda against Christians and aid in their persecution (and thus traditionally denominated the “Persecution issue”; or (2) as proposed by David Kalina, for use in festivals, including the Festival of Apollo at Daphne, held in conjunction with the Olympics in Antioch in 312 AD. See Kalina, David, “Anonymous Civic Coinage,” Series 1, at http://allcoinage.com/anonymous_civic.php.]

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Plus, as a bonus, a mural crown worn by a deity other than Tyche:

Roman Republic, Aulus Plautius, AR Denarius, 55 BCE, Rome mint. Obv. Turreted head of Cybele right, A. PLAVTIVS before, AE[D CVR S C] behind [portion in brackets off flan] / Rev. “Bacchius the Jew” [ = Aristobulus II of Judaea?],* in attitude of supplication, kneeling beside saddled camel (dromedary - one hump) standing right, extending olive-branch with right hand and holding camel’s bridle with left hand, his cape flowing behind him; BACCHIVS in exergue, IVDAEVS on right. RSC I Plautia 13, Crawford 431/1, Sydenham 932, Sear RCV I 395 (ill.), Harlan, RRM II Ch. 18 at pp. 145-149, BMCRR 3916. 18x20 mm., 4.25 g.  (Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd., 211th Buy or Bid Sale, May 2020, Lot 183.) 

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* See Sear RCV I at p. 148: “Aulus Plautius strikes as curule aedile. The problematic interpretation of the reverse type appears to have been most successfully resolved by [Michael] Harlan in RRM [see Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BCE-49 BCE (2nd Revised Edition 2015), Ch. 18 at pp. 146-148] . . . who identifies the kneeling figure as Aristobulus [= Judah Aristobulus II of the Hasmonean Dynasty, d. ca. 49 BCE], the Jewish high priest, then held captive by Pompey in Rome.” 

Edited by DonnaML
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8 hours ago, AncientOne said:

Outstanding tetradrachm @Al Kowsky!

Here's a few of my Tyche coins.

capp_0.jpg.096ed80a1c435718dde0fbb94087d2b7.jpg

Cappadocia, Caesaraea-Eusebia. Trajan AE13

Obv: Turreted bust of Tyche right.
Rev: Dotted border around pyramid. E-T/Γ (date) around.
2.3g 13.2mm.
CY 3 (AD 111/2).

 

Unusual depiction of Zeus holding Tyche.

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Cappadocia, Caesaraea-Eusebia. Trajan AE13

Obv: Turreted bust of Tyche right.
Rev: Dotted border around pyramid. E-T/Γ (date) around.
2.3g 13.2mm.
CY 3 (AD 111/2).

 

maximinus_II.jpg.afb69ca341565a078e817967892d295f.jpg

Maximinus II Persecution issue. AD 310-313.

Obv: GENIO ANTIOCHENI / Tyche seated facing; river-god Orontes swimming below.
Rev: APOLLONI SANCTO / Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre; A//SMA.
Æ16, Antioch mint, 1st officina.

 

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Phoenicia, Sidon. AE16 time of Vespasian.

AD 69-79. Dated CY 188 (AD 77/8).
Obv: Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; before, star within crescent.
Rev: SIDWNWN QEAS Q, Galley left, HPR (date) above.
RPC II 2055.

A.O. Four very attractive coins & excellent photos 😊. The tiny dated Cappadocian bronze with with pyramid reverse is interesting & the tiny dated Sidonian bronze is unusually well struck. Good coins come is small sizes 😉.

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4 hours ago, DonnaML said:

Lots of wonderful Tyches in this thread! Here are mine:

Trajan AR Tetradrachm, 112 AD, Seleucis & Pieria, Antioch Mint. Obv. Laureate head right, club below to left and eagle (standing right) below to right, AYTOKP KAIC NER TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ΔAK / Rev. Tyche of Antioch, wearing mural crown, seated on rocks, right, holding two ears of wheat and a poppy-head in her right hand, river god Orontes at her feet in river swimming right, looking up at Tyche, left arm extended and left forefinger pointed, [ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞ ΙϚ ΥΠΑΤ Ϛ= TR POT XVI, COS VI]. RPC [Roman Provincial Coinage] Vol. III 3543 (2015); RPC III Online 3543 at https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/3543, McAlee 471 (ill. p. 205) (Group 6) [Richard McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch (2007)]; Prieur 1499 [Michel and Karin Prieur, Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms (London, 2000)]; Sear GIC 1089 at p. 100 (ill.), attributed to Tyre [D. Sear, Greek Imperial Coins and their Values (1982)]. 25 mm., 13.88 g.

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Philip I AE Octassarion (8 Assaria), Second Issue, AD 247-249, Syria, Seleucis & Pieria, Antioch Mint. Obv. Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, ΑΥΤΟΚ Κ Μ ΙΟΥΛΙ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟϹ ϹƐΒ / Rev. Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; above, ram leaping right with head turned back left; star below bust; ΑΝΤΙΟΧƐΩΝ - ΜΗΤΡΟ ΚΟΛΩΝ around; Δ – Ɛ [Delta – Epsilon] across upper fields; S - C across lower fields. 30 mm., 15.68 g. McAlee 990 (ill. p. 345) [Richard McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch (2007)]; RPC VIII Online (unassigned, ID 7493) (see https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/type/7493); BMC 20 Syria 526 [Warwick Wroth, A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 20, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria (London, 1899) at p. 215]. Purchased from Kenneth W. Dorney, Feb. 2022.* [Footnotes omitted.]

image.jpeg.261cdea5aaf99a10355a70b931fd29c7.jpeg

Anonymous colonial civic issue, AE 23, 251 - 260 AD (Trebonianus Gallus to Valerian I), Troas, Alexandria Troas Mint. Obv. Draped bust of Tyche right, wearing mural crown, vexillum inscribed CO AV over right shoulder, CO ALEX TR / Rev. Horse (of Erichthonius?)* grazing to right, COL AVG, TROAD in exergue. RPC IX 505 (see https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/9/505); Bellinger A486 [Alfred A. Bellinger, Troy, The Coins (Princeton 1961)]; BMC 17 Troas, 46 var. [diff. legends]; see also id. 45, 47-50 var. [Warwick Wroth,  A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 17, Troas, Aeolis, and Lesbos (London 1894)]; SNG Copenhagen 108-113 [Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Copenhagen, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Part 20, Troas (1945)]. 23 mm., 5.80 g.  Ex: Pars Coins; Ex: Kenneth W. Dorney. [Footnote omitted.]

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Salonina (wife of Gallienus), Billon Tetradrachm, 266-267 AD (Year 14), Alexandria, Egypt mint.  Obv. Draped bust right, wearing stephane (Milne obv. type t4), KOPNHΛIA CAΛѠNЄINA CЄB / Rev. Tyche wearing long chiton and peplum, crowned with modius, reclining left on lectisternium* adorned with double garland, resting right hand on rudder, resting left elbow on arm of lectistermium and supporting head with left hand, LIΔ (Year 14) in left field, palm branch in exergue. 23.6 mm., 10.94 g. Emmett 3865.14 (R2), Milne 4140 at p. 99, K&G 91.47 (ill. p. 323), BMC 16 Alexandria 2266 at p. 294, Sear RCV III 10716, Dattari (Savio) 5342, Köln (Geissen) 2982.  Purchased from Marc R. Breitsprecher Oct. 2021. Ex. Stack’s Coin Galleries Mail Bid Sale, Nov. 13, 1985, part of Lot 209 (with original coin tag).

 image.jpeg.8067a29e92830b061c81b852a1c324f1.jpeg

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Anonymous civic issue, reign of Maximinus II, AE quarter follis [?][Sear] or 1/12 nummus [?][McAlee p. 106], Antioch Mint (3rd Officina), ca. 311-312 AD. Obv. Tyche (city-goddess of Antioch) wearing mural crown, seated facing on rock, holding wheat or  grain ears with right hand and, with left hand, holding a two-handled basket (filled with wheat or grain ears[?]) resting on ground to right, river god Orontes swimming below, GENIO ANTIOCHINI / Rev. Apollo standing left, pouring libation from patera held in right hand, and holding lyre in raised left hand, Γ [gamma, signifying 3rd Officina] in right field, APOLLONI SANCTO around; in exergue, SMA [meaning Sigmata Moneta Antioch (money struck at Antioch) or Sacra Moneta Antioch]. [Not in RIC; see http://www.notinric.lechstepniewski.info/6ant_civ_4v.html .]  Sear RCV IV 14927 (ill); Vagi 2954; McAlee 170(c) (ill. p. 107); Van Heesch Type 3 [Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in Numismatic Chronicle (1993), pp. 63-75 & Pl. 11]; ERIC II, “Anonymous Religious Coinage of the Fourth Century,” pp. 1198-1199, No. 2. 16 mm., 1.35 g. [Struck either (1) to promote propaganda against Christians and aid in their persecution (and thus traditionally denominated the “Persecution issue”; or (2) as proposed by David Kalina, for use in festivals, including the Festival of Apollo at Daphne, held in conjunction with the Olympics in Antioch in 312 AD. See Kalina, David, “Anonymous Civic Coinage,” Series 1, at http://allcoinage.com/anonymous_civic.php.]

image.jpeg.e02ebbd51a358ca21702c88312241886.jpeg

Plus, as a bonus, a mural crown worn by a deity other than Tyche:

Roman Republic, Aulus Plautius, AR Denarius, 55 BCE, Rome mint. Obv. Turreted head of Cybele right, A. PLAVTIVS before, AE[D CVR S C] behind [portion in brackets off flan] / Rev. “Bacchius the Jew” [ = Aristobulus II of Judaea?],* in attitude of supplication, kneeling beside saddled camel (dromedary - one hump) standing right, extending olive-branch with right hand and holding camel’s bridle with left hand, his cape flowing behind him; BACCHIVS in exergue, IVDAEVS on right. RSC I Plautia 13, Crawford 431/1, Sydenham 932, Sear RCV I 395 (ill.), Harlan, RRM II Ch. 18 at pp. 145-149, BMCRR 3916. 18x20 mm., 4.25 g.  (Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd., 211th Buy or Bid Sale, May 2020, Lot 183.) 

image.png.26b27cb675873e18d97b6408d7520bc1.png

* See Sear RCV I at p. 148: “Aulus Plautius strikes as curule aedile. The problematic interpretation of the reverse type appears to have been most successfully resolved by [Michael] Harlan in RRM [see Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BCE-49 BCE (2nd Revised Edition 2015), Ch. 18 at pp. 146-148] . . . who identifies the kneeling figure as Aristobulus [= Judah Aristobulus II of the Hasmonean Dynasty, d. ca. 49 BCE], the Jewish high priest, then held captive by Pompey in Rome.” 

Donna, Six great examples of Tyche 😊! The die work on the Trajan Tet is surely a product of the Tyre Mint that must been for use in the Antioch Mint. The hefty antonymous bronze has unusually attractive die work for a late provincial coin 😉. The Republican denarius is of great interest historically, it foretells of bad things to come for the Jewish people...

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