Jump to content

India/Afghanistan Hindu Shahis (c. 850-1000 AD)


thenickelguy
 Share

Recommended Posts

AR Jital "Bull and Horseman"
Obv: Nandi (the mount of Shiva) reclining; Nagari legend "Sri Samanta Deva", "Honorable Chief-Commander"
Rev: Mounted cavalry wearing ornate mask and holding flag.

8o.jpg.a36f21816c437522381b24998f3fe3bd.jpg

 

8r.jpg.fb986b03617c3ed36c759457a1079385.jpg

This is a solid more typical specimen, but still solid on its own. Probably an earlier specimen and a good testimony to the longevity of this series.

Nandi, The Sacred Bull

Nandibull.jpg.2445bc18c6c4da03fba9c99ee36b2a0f.jpg

Edited by thenickelguy
  • Like 13
  • Clap 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Got a handful of jitals a few months ago, knowing nothing about the type, but the price was right ($5 each).

At the time I took the photo, I didn't even know what direction was upward.  Pleasingly chunky coins.

1.thumb.jpg.d0a13031de69dbfa6260dc278aabf88f.jpg2.thumb.jpg.9eb7f78765de90e07402c7dbf7ae4623.jpg

  • Like 9
  • Popcorn 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Posted · Supporter

Jitals are certainly an interesting field, not only because of their diversity and availability. Here are some personal favorites from my collection:

152139861_OrientMAHinduShahiSamantaDevaJitalTye14Foto2.png.767f412946451b9c09287e71f6d72587.png

Hindu Shahi, under "Samanta Deva", AR jital, ca. 850–1000 AD, Kabul Valley and Northwestern India. Obv: stylized horseman r., "bhi" and symbol in fields. Rev; "Sri Samanata Deva" in Nagari; stylized bull l. 17.7mm, 3.11g. Ref: Tye 14 (?).

 

1010575115_OrientMAHinduShahiSamantaDevaJitalTye19.png.ca726f6554d4cdfd249096ff6c4071d2.png

Hindu Shahi, Samanta Deva, AE jital, ca. 850–1000 AD, Ohind mint (?). Obv: Elephant advancing l.; Nagari legend “Sri Samanta Deva” above. Rev: Lion standing r. with jaws open and paw raised. 16mm, 1.64g. Ref: Tye 19.

 

225487149_OrientMATomaraDynastieMahipalaJitalTye39.png.6e97161d8354fb09d1942c68cc228c7c.png

Tomara Dynasty, Mahipala, AE Jital, later 12th century (?). Obv: stylized bull l.; Nagari legend “Sri Mahipala” above. Rev: stylized horseman r. 14mm, 3.15g. Ref: Tye 39; Deyell: Living without Silver (1990), no. 232; Roy: Coinage of Northern India (1980), S. 93–95.

 

1564976850_OrientMAChauhanDynastiePrithvirajIII.JitalTye52.png.d9e7c9e5716c887248122ab98fa4c1ad.png

Chauhan of Delhi, Prithviraja III., BI Jital, c. 1191–1192 AD. Obv: stylized bull l.; Nagari legend “Sri Samanta Deva” around. Rev: stylized horseman r.; Nagari legend “Sri Prithvi Raja Deva” around. 15mm, 3.39g. Ref: Tye 52.

 

278076353_OrientMAGhaznawidenFarrukhzad1053-59JitalLahoreTye100(Obv)u99(Rev)..png.736396635f936268d174420529793f61.png

Ghaznavid Dynasty, under Farrukhzad, BI jital, 1053–1059 AD, Lahore mint. Obv: stylized bull l., Nagari legend above. Rev: legend in four lines: ““adil /jamal-al-dawla/ abu shuja’/ Farrukh’zad.” 19mm, 3.21g. Tye 100 (obv.)/99 (rev.); A1635.

 

2141799061_OrientMANasridenSaffaridenvonSistanTajal-DinHarb1167-1215JitalTye123.png.0c3f9e3bfb4c174cac487cc03ea8af7b.png

Nasrid Dynasty of Sistan (also known as the Saffarids of Sistan or Maliks of Nimruz), under Taj ad-Din Harb, citing caliph al-Nasir, AE/BI jital, 1167–1215 AD, Sistan mint. Obv: "harb" in circle; partially struck legend in margin. Rev: "[unclear word: qanun?]/ la illah illa / muhammad rasul / al-nasir ud-din / muhammad." 14.5 mm, 2.96g. Ref: Tye 123, Album 1427.1.

 

1668277695_OrientMAGhuridenTadschad-DinYildizJitalTye201.1.png.f3f0f359792d26bfe9e657f3f1b047ec.png

Ghurid Sultanate, Taj al-Din Yildiz, AR jital, 1206–1215, Lahore mint. Obv: "Sri Hamirah" in Nagari script, stylized horseman right. Rev: Arabic regent's name in four lines: al-sultan/ al mu'azzam/ abu'l fath yildiz/ al-sultan. 14 mm, 3.47g. Ref: Tye 201.1; Album 1797.

 

2043276403_OrientMAChoresmienAlaad-DinMuhammadAEJitalQunduzTye243.png.5bb1084f181bf372d900a39bac4dc456.png

Khwarezmian Empire, under Ala ad-Din Muhammad II, AE large jital, 1200–1220 AD, Qunduz mint. Obv: bull l.; legend around: "abu'l fath / muhammed bin / al-sultan"; circular marginal legend (mint and date) is completely off-flan Rev: horseman holding spear l.; legend around and in margins: "as-sultan al-azam ala al-dunya wa ud-din," mostly off-flan. 23mm, 4.84g. Ref: Tye 243; Album 1740.

 

300545355_OrientMAChoresmienAlaad-DinMuhammad1220BIJitalTye286.png.52b9eabb401c009ab825c0cfd56d5c46.png

Khwarezmian Empire, under Ala ad-Din Muhammad II, BI “jital,” 1200–1220 AD, unclear mint (Dawar region?). Obv: legend in three lines. Rev: legend in three lines. Tye 286; Album 1727. 17mm, 3.00g.

 

1086178709_OrientMAChoresmienMalikofKurzuwan1221n_Chr.Tye324.2.png.6b1451be876a34087599c5901bd17dcc.png

Khwarezmian Empire, struck by an anonymous local governor, AE “jital,” June or July of 1221 AD (Jumada of 618 AH), Kurzuwan mint. Avers "al-malik" ("the ruler") in central circle; around: "tarikh jumada sanat thaman asbar wa sin mi'at" ('dated to Jumada, of the year 618'). Rev: inscription in four lines "kurzuwan / la ilah illa allah / muhammad rasul / allah" ('Kurzuwan. There is no God but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God'). 20mm, 2.78g. Tye 324.2; Album 1971.

 

1635658263_OrientMAMongolenDschingisKhanJitalAlbum1973Foto2.png.343324f9859a309f1d4b2f932efbf1ed.png

Great Mongols, under Genghis (Chingiz) Khan or slightly later, BI “jital,” 1220s/1230s AD, Nimruz (Sistan) mint. Obv: "qa’an / al-‘adil" ('the just khan'). Rev: " zarb i/ nimruz" ('struck in Nimruz'). 14.5mm, 3.42g. Ref: Tye –; Album A1973.

 

852016976_OrientMAQarlughidenNasiral-DinMuhammadQarlugh12491259jitalTye347.png.f3da8c0d9e77bfe99b04e2ffeaf6c2da.png

Qarlughids, under Nasir al-Din Muhammad Qarlugh, AE/BI jital, 1249–1259 AD, unknown mint. Obv: Arabic legend "nasir al-dunya wa ud-din," horse r. Rev: Nagari legend "sri maha/mada ka/raluka". 16mm, 3,61g. Tye 347; Album 1819; G&G SS14.

 

1202669616_OrientMADelhiSultanateIltutmishjitalTye378.png.f66766550e9d5041c799deec95938791.png

Delhi Sultanate, under Shams ud-Din Iltutmish, BI Jital, 1211–1236 AD, Multan mint. Obv: stylized horseman r. Rev: “Shams al-dunya wa al-din abu al-muzaffar iltutmish al-sultan”. 13.4mm, 3.04g. Ref: Tye 378; GG D61.

  • Like 6
  • Clap 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • Benefactor
Posted · Benefactor
Posted (edited)

Holy crap, thenickelguy ... here you are again, eh? (man, you continue to post so many coins and so many different coins => I'm lovin' it!!)

Ummm, I have a handful of coins that "might" fit into your thread? (I'll post 'em and then I'll let q-geek and the rest of the coin-crowd "yay" or "nay" my examples, okay?) ... thanks for the opportunity to post my old friends 

Cheers

 

 

ISLAMIC, Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk). Artuqids (Mardin) - below

Nasir al-Din Artuq Arslan. Æ Dirham

Mardin mint

AH 597-637 / AD 1200-1239

Dated AH 599 (AD 1202/3)

Diameter: 29mm

Weight: 9.09 grams

Obverse: Centaur advancing right, head facing, drawing bow at head of dragon emerging from his tail (fricken cool, right??); mint name and AH date around

Reverse: Names and titles of Abbasid caliph al-Nasir and Ayyubid overlord in four lines; name of Nasir al-Din Artuq Arslan in margins

Reference: Whelan Type II, pp. 111-2; S&S Type 38.2; Album 1830.2; ICV 1212

Other: 3h … earthen dark brown-black patina, areas of weak strike

Ex-stevex6

 

Islamic Anatolia & al-Jazira Centaur Left.jpg

 

ISLAMIC, Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk). Artuqids (Mardin) - below

Nasir al-Din Artuq Arslan. Æ Dirham

Mardin mint

AH 597-637 / AD 1200-1239

Dated AH 599 (AD 1202/3)

Diameter: 29 mm

Weight: 13.58 grams

Obverse: Centaur advancing left, head facing, drawing bow at head of dragon emerging from his tail; mint name and AH date around

Reverse: Names and titles of Abbasid caliph al-Nasir and Ayyubid overlord in four lines; name of Nasir al-Din Artuq Arslan in margins

Reference: Whelan Type II, 61-3; S&S Type 38.1; Album 1830.2; ICV 1212

Other: 10h … VF, earthen dark brown-black patina, areas of weak strike

Ex-stevex6

Islamic Anatolia & al-Jazira Centaur Right.jpg

 

ISLAMIC, Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk),  Zangids (al-Mawsil), Saif al-Din Ghazi II - below

Æ Dirhem

AH 565-576 / AD 1170-1180

Dated AH 567 (AD 1171/2)

Diameter: 30 mm

Weight: 13.21 grams

Obverse: Draped young male bust facing slightly left, wearing hair in foreknot; above, winged figures flanking; AH date to right and left

Reverse: Name and titles of Saif al-Din Ghazi II in five lines and in outer margins

Reference: Whelan Type I, 174-5; S&S Type 60.3; Album 1861.1

Other: 7h … brown patina.

Ex-stevex6 … from the J.P. Righetti Collection

Islamic Anatolia & al-Jazira.jpg

 

ISLAMIC, Mongols. Ilkhanids. Arghun (below)

AR Dirham

AH 683-690 / AD 1284-1291

Astarabad mint

Diameter: 17 mm

Weight: 2.75 grams

Obverse:

Reverse: Hawk type

Reference: Diler Ar-173; cf. Album 2149.2; ICV

Other: 2h … toned, weakly struck at periphery

Ex-stevex6

Islamic Mongols Hawk.jpg

 

SELJUQS OF RUM (below)

GHIYATH AL-DIN KAI KHUSRU, AE-Fals

First Reign: AH 588-597 (1191-1200 AD)

Second Reign: AH 601-607 (1204-1210 AD)

Diameter: 25 mm

Weight: 2.40 grams

Obverse: Horseman right carrying spear, two stars in field, dragon? below

Reverse: Five line legend

Reference: Kufic inscription, Fine, Paris 1647v

Other: An unusual variety, perhaps retaining elements of the Byzantine prototype of St. George and the Dragon

Ex-stevex6

 

Seljuqs of Rum Replacement.jpg

 

Seljuqs of Rum, Kaykhusraw II (below)

Silver Dirham

Konya Mint

1241-1242 A.D. (AH639)

Diameter: 23 mm

Weight: 2.9 grams

Obverse:  Sun and Lion

Reverse: 

Other: A-1218 … SLJQ-503

Ex-stevex6

seljuqsa.JPG

seljuqsb.JPG

 

... ummm, hopefully at least one of them deserves to be in your cool thread? (TBD)

 

Edited by Steve
  • Like 6
  • Mind blown 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

 Share

×
×
  • Create New...