Al Kowsky Posted January 17 · Member Share Posted January 17 One area of special interest for me are the Roman provincial tetradrachms, with a focus on the issues of the Severan dynasty. I won the two coins pictured below late last year from CNG E-Auction 530. The first coin is common but far less common than the right facing portrait type. Both photos are courtesy of CNG. SELEUCIS & PIERIA, Antioch Mint. Caracalla, AD 198-217 (struck c. AD 215-217). Billon Tetradrachm: 15.58 gm, 27.5 mm, 6 h. Obverse: Laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust of Caracalla, facing left, as seen from behind. Reverse: Eagle standing with spread wings with wreath in it's beak, standing on leg & thigh of a sacrificial animal. 4 Eparches type. McAlee 682; Prieur 228. The Greek letters delta on the left side of the eagle's head & the sigma on the right side indicate the 4 Eparches, or the four sub-regions of the Roman province of Syria. The four sub-regions were: Syria, with it's capital at Antioch; Phoenicia, with it's capital at Tyre; Commagene, with it's capital at Somosata; & Cole-Syria, with it's capital at Damascus. The two Greek letters, delta & sigma, imply that these coins would have the same value & could circulate anywhere in the province of Syria. ROMAN JUDAEA, Caesarea Maritima. Caracalla, AD 198-217 (struck AD 215-217). Billon Tetradrachm: 15.24 gm, 27.65 mm, 1 h. Obverse: Laureate head of Caracalla facing right. Reverse: Eagle standing with spread wings holding a wreath in it's beak, standing on a flaming torch entwined by a serpent, bull's head between legs. Prieur 1663A obv. / 1665 rev. variant. Rare. The unusual mintmark of a flaming torch entwined by a serpent or snake harkens back to an old purification myth practiced by members of the Eleusinian cult. Their Mother-goddess was symbolized by a snake & cult members were purified by fire. The bull's head still remains a mystery. Website members are welcome to post their tetradrachms of Caracalla ☺️. 17 1 3 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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