Finn235 Posted December 14, 2022 · Member Share Posted December 14, 2022 2022 has been a somewhat subdued year for me, as double digit inflation + mandatory back-to office during $5 gas season + kids in competition dance classes has done a number on the coin budget! I have made a few calculated purchases to advance my Roman set, however, and am thrilled with the new additions. For those who aren't familiar with my approach to collecting Roman Empire, I am one of those fools who is obsessed with getting every possible person who appears on (or issued) coins, from about the time of Sulla through Justinian. That includes Republican Imperators, Dictators, Emperors, their wives and children, and even the scant few governors and other important citizens of the provinces. Worse, I also became obsessed with getting a variety of titles for each, including: - As Caesar or a similar junior position beneath a reigning emperor - As Augustus/Augusta - Posthumous issues, whether specifically deified or not. As may be expected 7 years into this journey, I don't have very many targets left to snag, certainly not without venturing into 4-digit territory for the first time. Therefore, any new add is thrilling, and nearly all are objectively rare coins! First up, completely new Roman personalities: 1. Milonia Caesonia, with Julia Drusilla, wife and daughter of Caligula Judaea, Caesarea Paneas, under Herod Agrippa II, 40-41 Easily my top acquisition of the year, an incredible rarity that I never dared dream I would own! Apparently included with the Damnatio Memorae, the overwhelmingly vast majority of this issue (being the only unambiguous image of Caesonia, and the only image of Julia Drusilla) were also lost or destroyed, leaving only a few dozen examples in the hands of collectors and museums today 2. Brutus, as Imperator AR Denarius, military mint in the East, mid-42 BC Easily my most overdue acquisition, I had always felt the lack of a proper Brutus as a gaping hole in my collection of ancient Rome, and this fit the bill quite nicely. While it won't win any beauty contests, the price was right, and it has full legends and nice centering on both sides. This also comes from the post-assassination period when Brutus was actively engaged in civil war with Antony and Octavian, rather than being from his moneyer phase as a junior politician in the 50s BC. 3. Sextus Pompey AE As, Sicilian mint, ca 43 BC As with Brutus above, my coverage of the Imperatorial period arguably could use a lot more attention than it has been getting! I got this one on the cheap in a group lot, with IMO decently strong details for the type. This is also a good stand-in for a posthumous Pompey the Great (the jury is still out on whether the Pompeiopolis provincial is lifetime or not) and also I believe is the last Janus/prow type As ever struck. 4. Annius Afrinus, governor of Galatia, ca 49-54 AE of Claudiconium Many thanks to @Spaniard for assistance with shipping difficulties on this one! During the very early Principate, it was somewhat common for provincial governors to appear on local coinage with special permission from the emperor; Annius Afrinus was evidently the last to be granted this honor. He issued coins with his own name and portrait, as well as those of Claudius and Agrippina II, placing his governorship after their 49 AD marriage, and before the rise of Nero in 54, for whom he did not issue coinage. He then slips into over a decade of obscurity before appearing as suffect consul back in Rome in 66 AD under Nero, after which he disappears. 5. "Anonymous" AE quadrans, possibly depicting Annius Verus Caesar, younger brother of Commodus, possibly posthumous issue The "four seasons" quadrans series is somewhat controversial, with some claiming the young boy is a representation of Commodus' younger brother Annius Verus, and others maintaining that he is nothing more than an allegory, and possibly that the coins were minted as early as the time of Trajan or Hadrian. Regardless, this "Winter" quadrans is quite rare and I am thrilled to have it, whether it represents Annius Verus or not. 6. "Germanus Indutilli L.", client king or Governor of post-Celtic Gaul Another somewhat obscure issue, this semis dates from the early reign of Augustus, at a time where most Gauls over 30 remembered being free and autonomous Celts. The presence of a diadem indicates royalty, possibly indicating that the portrait is of a Gallic king who retained some local power acting as a Magistrate for Rome. The name Indutilli is Gallic in origin, whereas Germanus is not, leading some to question whether "Germanus Indutilli" is even a complete name, or whether Germanus was the freedman of Indutilli. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Next up, are some figures I already had in my collection, represented by new titles. 1. Volusian, as Caesar under Gallus and Hostilian, AE As I consider coins like this to be the epitome of why I love rare titles - they serve as a testament to the most fleeting moments of ancient history, and stand as reminders that history was once "current events". Following the deaths of Decius and Herennius Etruscus at the hands of the barbarians they were supposed to be subduing, the panicked legions proclaimed the nearby Trebonianus Gallus as emperor, even though the title rightfully belonged to the young Hostilian back in Rome. In an unprecedented show of humanity, Gallus formally adopted Hostilian and named him co-Augustus, while he bestowed the title of Caesar on his adult son Volusian. Hostilian died less than six months later, apparently a victim of the plague that was ravaging the empire, and Volusian rose to become emperor for merely two years before being murdered along with his father in favor of Aemilian. Coins of Hostilian as Augustus are rare, but those of Volusian as his Caesar are exceptionally rare, seldom coming to auction in any denomination. 2. Matidia, niece of Trajan (mother of Sabina), as Augusta While I purchased a posthumous Matidia a couple years ago, I have been on the hunt for a lifetime issue before snagging this one back in January. All coinage of Matidia is more or less equally rare, although her imperial denarii frequently stray into 4-digit territory, which made this provincial very appealing. 3. Vespasian, as Usurper v. Vitellius BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, RY 1 (July-September 69) I admittedly only learned of this distinction last year - Alexandria dated her emperors' regnal year according to the ancient Egyptian calendar, which marked the new year in about September in the Gregorian calendar. Thus, as Alexandria declared for Vespasian on 1 July 69, his "Year 1" coinage would have been minted for the last two months of the Egyptian calendar, with Year 2 beginning in September 69. Since Vitellius was the "official" emperor in Rome, this technically makes him a usurper; only Vespasian and Julian II minted coins during a time period where they were technically usurpers before becoming bona fide emperors. 4. Divus Nerva AE of Perinthus, Thrace Although Nerva was deified by Trajan when he assumed power, the coinage of the deified Nerva was restricted to only the reverse of special commemorative aureii, and a handful of provincial issues. He did not get a proper imperial consecration type for himself until a century and a half later, under Decius. 5. Posthumous Tiberius BI tetradrachm of Alexandria, under Nero Despite expecting to get the divinity treatment, Tiberius was passed over unceremoniously by Caligula, and did not appear on coinage at all until this issue under Nero from Alexandria, where he is simply presented as "Tiberius Caesar" and not "Divine Tiberius". He would again feature on Flavian restitution coins, which I need to get around to collecting someday! 6. Maximian, issued by Carausius from London Not a beauty by any means, but still important and rare! The PAX AVGGG series was issued by Carausius from his base in Britannia while he was still attempting negotiations with Diocletian and Maximian to gain recognition and turn their then-duo into a proper threesome. Negotiations of course failed, and Carausius declared that London was Better Rome, anyway. And that's a wrap for ancient Rome 2022! I'm waiting for a few more coins to hopefully arrive in time to make separate posts for the other categories. Which are your favorites? 26 1 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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