Jump to content

Siglos, Possibly from Egypt?


Broucheion
 Share

Recommended Posts

Hi All,

I mainly collect Ptolemaic coins but over the years I've also broadened my nets to collect any coins from Egypt: Pharaonic, Roman-Egypt, Byzantine-Egypt, and Islamic-Egypt. I would not normally buy the Siglos coin below, since these were probably minted in Asia Minor (See Corfu: "A New Thesis for Siglos and Dareikos").

However,  I noticed a countermark at the 3:00 position that I think ties this coin to Pharaonic Egypt. I believe this countermark was applied in Egypt to designate currency in the possession of a temple. The countermark looks to me to be the hieroglyph of a kneeling man worshiping. This resembles the Gardiner List A4 character that is the determinative for "offer, beseech (dw3)" as well as "to hide, conceal (jmn)". See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Egyptian_hieroglyphs#A [verified 21 Jan 2023].


image.png.920dec7b597eb0a0fbfa02dd6bd1ce02.png

 

ACHAEMINID: ARTAXERXES I to XERXES II, 455-420 BCE
Ar Siglos
Size: 15x13 mm
Weight: ? (not provided by NGC, I assume this is approx 5.55-5.60)
Axis: 11:00

OBV: Great King, bearded, facing right, crowned, two arrows in right, bow in left (half-length figure). Countermark of the hieroglyph of squatting man, worshiping (Gardiner List A4 = dw3, jmn) at 3:00 position. No legend. No border.
REV: Lion head (stylized) facing left, roaring with open mouth, within reverse incuse. No legend. No border.

Notes:
1. NGC Certification NGC 6555654-035.
2. I base my coin ID on info from Forum https://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=siglos [verified 21 Jan 2023].
3. Countermarked with hieroglyph of a kneeling man worshiping, which is the Gardiner List A4 character, a determinative for "offer, beseech (dw3)" as well as "to hide, conceal (jmn)". See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Egyptian_hieroglyphs#A

image.png.11fe48312f6c52cc3e92d8e5aedd4a9a.png

Please let me know if you agree with my assertion that this coin could have been part of an Egyptian temple treasury. Also, if you know of any papers on Siglos found or circulating in Egypt, I'd appreciate the references.

P.S., For a similar situation with an Immitative Athena/Owl tetradrachm, see my post on the other list at https://www.cointalk.com/threads/ancient-owls.350803/#post-3909062 .

And of course, post your Siglos!

- Broucheion

Edited by Broucheion
typo
  • Like 12
  • Heart Eyes 2
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Fascinating, and quite plausible I'd say. (The only thing that makes me wonder a bit is the row of dots.) More plausible when considered beside the c/m on the owl, which looks even more like the model you suggest, pharaoh on solar barque. I hope you're able to locate a whole series of these!

  • Like 3
  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

@Broucheion It could be but in my opinion this countermark was two times countermarked so it's difficult to recognise what it is . It could be something like this :

image103.png.1ac85fcc74c810f4ae939a0ea393ddf3.png

Another possibility would be that is two different countermarks combined together :

image116.png.6c9a8db015bfc23daeb31b362055c3a3.png

Edited by The Pontian
  • Like 6
  • Thanks 1
  • Popcorn 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

@Broucheion, this and your prior post (which I just saw for the first time) are astounding.  Given @Severus Alexander and @The Pontian's valued caveats, I'd be inclined to give the hieroglyphic here a little more latitude, toward having the 'original'  meaning.  Purely on an intuitive basis, given the remove from 'classical' antecedents both in chronology and medium, I'd be leaning toward a measure of variation being no big surprise.  Granted, my main frame of reference for this is nothing more relevant than what happens in medieval European immobilizations.

In other words, I Really Want you to be right!  :<}

  • Like 2
  • Thanks 1
  • Yes 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

On 1/21/2023 at 1:33 PM, Broucheion said:

Weight: ? (not provided by NGC, I assume this is approx 5.55-5.60)

 

On 1/21/2023 at 1:33 PM, Broucheion said:

Ar 1/3 Siglos

The weight you give is right for a whole siglos not a 1/3.   It is easy to get interested in countermarks on these coins.  

 

g71710fd0590.jpg

  • Like 9
  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

6 hours ago, dougsmit said:

The weight you give is right for a whole siglos not a 1/3.

Hi @dougsmit,

Yes, of course you are correct. I’ve updated the text to reflect that. You are certainly right about the counter marks being fascinating.

- Broucheion 

Edited by Broucheion
  • Like 2
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Here's my only one, from @CPK via the Cabinet.  I was searching the eponymous thread for who it was who likened the banker's mark to the Safeway (grocery chain)  logo; rats, couldn't find it.  ...No, to wallow in the obvious (never stopped mebefore), @Broucheion's examples are on a completely different level.

image.jpeg.2dc90521da986c541312271eb4269463.jpeg

  • Like 4
  • Thanks 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

 Share

×
×
  • Create New...