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Germany (Westphalia): 1923 gilt bronze hyperinflationary 10,000-mark notgeld token


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It's surprising to see a notgeld coin of such high quality in this period of hyper-inflation. My father was born in 1909 in the city of Bochum, in the province of Westphalia. I vividly remember the horror stories he told us about living in Bochum during that period.

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Some paper notgeld, including the last one from Oct. 1923 with a face value of 20 billion marks: 

20 Heller, Kufstein, Tyrol, Austria, Dec 1919 (Notgeld) (blank on reverse):


50 Pfennig, Stargard in Pommern, May 1921 (Notgeld) (some of my mother's ancestors lived in Stargard beginning no later than 1700, with some relatives still there until the late 19th century):



50 _Pfennig, Stargard [possibly the other Stargard, in W. Prussia?], Jan. 1922 (Notgeld):



1 Mark 50 Pfennig, Stolp in Pommern, undated (Notgeld) (another town, in addition to Stargard -- and Berlin, where my mother and her father were born -- where some of my mother's ancestors and other relatives lived, in the 19th century):



1 Mark & 2 Marks, Bütow in Pommern, undated (Notgeld) (a third town where some of my mother's ancestors and other relatives lived, in the 19th century)



3 Marks & 50 Pfennig from Naugard in Pommern, undated (Notgeld) (a fourth town where some of my mother's ancestors lived, in the 18th century):





Now to 1923 and the beginning of the hyperinflation: not Notgeld, but a 100,000 Mark note issued by the Reichsbank in Berlin on 1 Feb. 1923 (two months before my mother was born in Berlin in that year)



A little less than 9 months later, a 20 billion (milliarden) mark note (Notgeld, blank on reverse) issued on 27 Oct. 1923 in Emmendingen in Baden -- a fifth German town for which I have paper money, besides Berlin, where some of my mother's ancestors lived, in this case beginning in 1716 and into the 20th century, although her most recent direct ancestor there moved to another town in 1815. 



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I have had this 1 million mark note from 1923 for longer than I can remember. When I first read about Germany's Post WWI hyperinflation, I remember searching for examples of the currency. This might have even happened pre-Internet. Wherever I looked, I was happy to find inexpensive examples pretty widely available (which isn't too surprising, since people apparently wallpapered with them as a political point). The reverse is blank.


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