Ryro Posted March 7 · Supporter Share Posted March 7 (edited) My latest coin of the gens Caecilii Metelli is from one of the most interesting and fun to learn about in the republic's sordid down fall: M. Caecilius Metellus, 82-80 BC, Denarius 82-80 BC, Rome. 3,73 g. Head of Apollo right; before, value-mark ROMA / M METELLVS Q F Macedonian shield decorated with elephant`s head; around laurel-wreath. Mediolanum 369/1; Syd. 719. good very fine, horn silver. Purchased from Munzhandlung Ritter GmbH "Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius had a long career as a politician and general in the early 1st century BC. He earned the title "Pius" for his unwavering support for his father, Metellus Numidicus. During the Social War, Pius was a solid if unspectacular commander and a more successful judge administering the newly conquered lands of Italy. During the civil war of 84-80 BC, he reluctantly supported Sulla against to the Marian regime of Cinna i Carbo, eventually becoming his deputy. It was during this period that he minted silver denarii of the type presented at an unknown mint in northern Italy. These denarii refer to his title as Pontifex Maximus, or chief priest. 63 BC, the office of Pontifex Maximus, which was sought and finally won by the young Julius Caesar, became vacant." Now let's do a rewind... This illustrious family is mentioned as far back as the 5th century BCE. And was one of the most powerful families of the Republic (you have to be powerful to be an enemy of guys like Marius and Julius Caesar!), whom traced their ancestry all the way back to the god Vulcan. After their ancestor L Caecilius Metellus defeated Carthaginian Hasdruble and his elephants, during the first Cartheginian war, in 251 BCE. The family adopted the elephant as their mascot/emblem soon after and became major players in state politics for the next couple hundred years. With a pedigree like that you bet they were staunch members of the optimates (the elitist group that literally means "the best ones") as opposed to the populares (for the people). My earliest from the family: L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus, Denarius, 17mm, 3.5gr, 128 BC, mint Rome Obverse: head of Roma in helmet facing right, behind X's head Reverse: Pax in the bidze to the right, an elephant's head below, the inscription ROMA at the bottom Reference: Crawford 262/1, Sydenham 496. M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus, Rome, 127 BC. Æ Semis (22mm, 7.18g, 12h). Laureate head of Saturn r. R/ Prow of galley r.; above, Macedonian shield. Crawford 263/3b; RBW 1067. Good Fine Ex London ancient coins M. Caecilius Q. f. Q. n. Metellus. AE Quadrans, c. 127 BC. Obv. Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin; behind, three pellets. Rev. Prow right, inscribed M·METELLVS; above, Macedonian shield and before, three pellets. Below, ROMA. Cr. 263/5b; B. 33. AE. 4.50 g. 18.00 mm. Scarce. Earthen green patina. About VF/VF. Purchased from Artemide July 2022 M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus. Denarius; M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus; 127 BC, Denarius, 3.72g. 20MM, Cr-263/1a, Syd-480, RSC Caecilia-29. Obv: Head of Roma r., star on helmet flap, ROMA upward behind. Rx: M.METELLVS.Q.F. around Macedonian shield, elephant's head in center; all in laurel wreath.. VF Thanks for reading along with me. Hopefully you learned something new, got inspired or at least enjoyed the coins. Please post your coins of this family, coins of the Roman Republic, oh, huh, my new coin has something on the reverse with an elephant in its center, happy to see those as well 😀 Edited March 7 by Ryro 16 1 2 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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