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Jaime II Spain.


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I'm not a big collector of medieval coins but when I see one that really appeals .....

20190201_image00003.thumb.jpg.770fe77e209af7647bfe48c5ed164e24.jpgJaime II Aragon 1291-1327
Dinero (Billon) Approx 18mm diameter - 1.17gr
Obverse - Crowned portrait facing left..Legend around ARA - GON
Reverse - Double cross..Legend around IACOBUS REX
Mint Jaca...Cru-364


For me it has decent detail and a lovely toning....

Feel free to post your Spanish medieval coins...

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A dinero bienpeinao ca. 1190 to July 1212, of a type prior to the battle of Las Navas of Alfonso VIII "el de Las Navas/el Noble" -- this was probably the most vast mintage of war money during the Reconquista:



AR18mm, 0.7g, dinero vellon "bienpeinao"
ANFVS REX; Head to left
+ ● TOLLETA; Cross with stars in quarters 1 and 4.
A. Burgos (80) #21, Cayon (98) #920 (as Alfonso I "El Batallador"), A. Roma #194 (secundo estilo - secundo subgrupo); Ana Serrano Imperatrix Tipo 32.

The minting of this coinage was started to finance Alfonso's campaigns during the Reconquista, but the type was in use and was struck time and again (immobilized) until the middle of the 13th century. This specimen appears to be one of the itinerant war mint issues, minted before the battle of Las Navas (July 1212). They were minted in vast quantities and in declining billon quality and style and by 1207/17 the type starts being called 'pepion'. A large quantity was minted just prior and soon after the campaign that lead to the battle of Alarcos (July 1195) and another vast minting process took place on campaign to Las Navas in 1211-12.


Edited by seth77
I have corrected a reference from Mozo Monroy to Ana Serrano
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@seth77...What an interesting coin...Could you recommend  a good starters reference book on Medieval Spanish coins?...The only book I have is this ....


Thanks @Severus Alexander....

I do like the renditions of the castle/lion combo but as of yet have not added any to my collection...Your example is very appealing, nice detail and colouring. 

I've tended to go with the portrait/reverse coins probably a knock off from years of Roman coin collecting....Here's a long cross version..

Jaume II Dinero 1291-1327 AD
Obverse- Crowned portrait facing left..BARQVINONA
Reverse- Long cross..IA CO BR EX
Barcelona Cru.v.s 340.11-image00413.thumb.jpg.7cbd3f18c4494b7fd73d6a70b205278d.jpg

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Sure, I will tell you what I use:

- first the invaluable online resource of Ana Serrano that is the Imperatrix catalog: https://wearenumismatics.com/imperatrix/ (in my notes I have erroneously said that it belonged to Manuel Mozo Monroy, I have since corrected the notes)

- the articles of Manuel Mozo Monroy especially from Revista numismatica Hecate and OMNI

- the articles of A. Roma Valdes, especially Marcas de control en las emisiones monetarias Aragonesas y Navarras con anteoridad a 1134 in Hecate 4

- M. Ibanez Artica - La Moneda en Navarra

- Anna M. Balaguer - Historia de la moneda dels comtats catalans

- O.G. Farres - Las Primitivas Accunaciones Navarras y Aragoneses in NVMISMA 14

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Nice example of this type! Here is my Jaime II along with a coin of his father, Jaime I, also known as "all nose and no mouth:"


Kingdom of Aragon, under James I “the Conqueror”, BI dinero, 1213-1276 AD, Jaca mint. Obv: ARAGON; crowned bust of James I l. Rev: +IACOBVS : REX; patriarchal cross. 19mm, 0.80g. Ref: Crusafont i Sabater 1992, 318.



Kingdom of Aragon, under James II “the Just”, BI dinero, 1291–1327 AD (struck ca. 1308 AD), Sariñena mint. Obv: ARAGON; crowned bust of James II l. Rev: +IACOBVS : REX; patriarchal cross. 17mm, 1.02g. Ref: Crusafont i Sabater 1992, 364.


The following two coins are not exactly medieval but early modern. Yet, since they are from the siglo de oro of the Spanish Empire that followed the late medieval reconquista as well as the of the different independent kingdoms and principalities of the peninsula, I'll add them anyways:


Spanish Monarchy, under Philip II, AE 4 maravedis, 1584–1585 AD, Burgos mint, moneyer: Juan De Morales. Obv:  [+DON·PHELIPPE·II· ]; castle; in fields, B–M and circle Rev: [+REI·DE·LAS·HESPAÑAS]; crowned lion l. 21mm, 4.07g. Ref: Calíco 2008, 781.



Spanish Monarchy, under Philip III, CU 4 maravedis (countermarked as 8 maravedis), 1602 AD, Segovia mint. Obv:  +PHILIPPVS·III·D·G·OMNIVM; castle in octolobe; in field, C. Rev: ·HISPAN·REGNORVM·REX· 1602; crowned lion in octolobe; countermark: crowned VIII with B below. 27mm, 6.22g. Ref: Calíco 750.

Edited by Ursus
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@Spaniard, that's a magnificent example of James II.

And @seth77, Many thanks for a Fantastic website, which I'd never happened across ...unless, Just Maybe, it represents a major overhaul of one going back a decade or so, that disappeared.

(For books in print, I could recommend vol. 6 (The Iberian Peninsula) of Medieval European Coinage (2013; 1st paper printing, 2017).  It's the only volume of the series that I could find cheaply enough to buy.  With luck, that's still the case.  To all appearances, it's very complete for the issues of the Christian kings, although for al-Andalus, not so much.  --Granted, it cites Crusafont --a coauthor, along with Philip Grierson-- as you did.)

...The same decade ago, when ebay in several countries was still a rich field, I put together a type set of Jaime I, by mint.  These are the two I can readily find pics of; of Aragon (granted, worse than @Ursus' example) and Barcelona.  My favorite is actually the one of Valencia, but the pics of that one, if there are any, are eluding capture.



Then, among what's readily findable picturewise, there's this one of his father, Alfons I.  (1162-1196.)  These are notorious for the 'ghosting' of the reverse cross (anticipating Edward I's 'new coinage' pennies by roughly a century), but this one is less than stellar even for the type.  (Crusafont 296; MEC 82-5.)


Here are a couple of earlier examples, from Ramon Berenguer III (1096-1131) and IV (1131-1162), as Counts of Barcelona.  (MEC vol. 6: 57 and 58 -60, respectively; Crusafont 31, 33.)  The only appreciable difference is that in Ramon III's issue, the 'BARCINO' legend faces outward, as in some Roman issues, especially Flavian ones.  Apart from that, the legend, around what's ostensibly a fleur de lis, begins at 12 o'clock in Ramon III's case, and 6 o'clock in his son's.  ...Yes, these folks are lineal ancestors of the royal dynasty that includes the Jameses.  



An orthographic note: I get confused about the Iberian renderings, 'Jaime' and 'Jaume.'  Is it as easy as one version being Spanish, and the other Catalan?

Edited by JeandAcre
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Emirate of Cordoba, AH 170. Abd al-Rahman I Dirham. (V. 68) (Fro. 1). Ex Áureo 2,53 g.

I got this from Aureo & Calico a while back. Abd al-Rahman I escaped the Abbasids who were trying to kill him and set up an independent emirate in spain

Emirato Independiente. AH 170. Abderrahman I. Al Andalus. Dirhem. (V. 68) (Fro. ...

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5 hours ago, JeandAcre said:

An orthographic note: I get confused about the Iberian renderings, 'Jaime' and 'Jaume.'  Is it as easy as one version being Spanish, and the other Catalan?

I live in catalonia about 40 mins South of Tarraco...🙂


Catalan Jaume

Spanish Jaime

Lovely coins and thanks for the extra reference material..

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Imperatrix is a new site, made in the vein of RIC V Temp (Mairat and Estiot) with a great deal of varieties and as I understand, Ana Serrano is constantly updating it. It's probably the best starting point to id Castile and Leon coinage.

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Sancho IV was the first king to introduce the denomination Cornado and this is a king I will concentrate on a bit this year as this series has 5 different mints to collect..the OP coin Burgos, Cuenca, Medina Del Campo(some controversy), Seville, and Toledo..
The Heiss numbers change depending on mint location..Does anyone have them?

Spain, Castile and León..Sancho IV 1284-1295 Cornado 0.81gr..Burgos mint.
Obverse...SANCII REX...Crowned bust facing left..3 dots in the crown.
Reverse...CASTELLE LEGIONIS...Three towered castle surmounted by a cross rising from the centre tower with B/* either side of cross..Arched door.
Bautista-427 Variant.(Only reference I have from seller)



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I was reminded of these while doing an OP (in progress) relating to the counts of Provence, who were cadets of Aragon.  A diner and obol of Jaume I (1273-1276), of Provence.  Crusafont (v. IV 174, 175) says that these are indeed from Marseille.  I don't get that, since --as Crusafont notes-- Jaume's first cousin, Raymon Berenguer /Ryamond-Berenger V was Count of Provence from 1209-1245, from which point the county descended to the Capetians by marriage.  Meanwhile, Crusafont (in dramatic contrast to Duplessy, Feodales) cogently distinguishes this from the similar issues associated with the cadet counts of Provence.  It doesn't help that both issues involve immobilizations from Alfonso /Alphonse I, who goes back to later 12th century.








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