Valentinian Posted December 8, 2022 · Member Share Posted December 8, 2022 This coin has IC XC NIKA in small letters either side of the head of Christ. The Byzantines had no "J" and used "I" and the "C" is a lunate "S". "X" is chi, our CH. This is "JesuS CHristuS NIKA" which means "Jesus Christ Conquers". This is a common legend on late Byzantine coin reverses and the "IC XC" part is very common on obverses, too. It is less common to see the "NIKA" part on obverses, but here is a recent purchase with it. . Romanus IV, 1068 - 1071. Romanus IV is most famous for losing the disastrous Battle of Manzikert in 1071. It greatly weakened the empire by ceding to the Seljuq Turks the east and the central plateau of modern Turkey. (More about Romanus IV below.) Sear 1866 30-27 mm. 8.41 grams. 6:00 die-axis as is usual for late Byzantine AE. Pitch black. Obverse: IC XC / NI KA (with bars above which mean they are abbreviations) either side of the bust of Christ. The coin has the same facing bust of Christ found on anonymous folles. Reverse: Square cross with X in center and large pellets at the ends, C R ["C" is a lunate "S". "R" is an epigraphical form of "B"] ΣΤAYΡЄ BOHΘЄI "O Cross, help" [the "R" is deformed by the overstrike on anonymous Class H or I-- you can see traces of the undertype's reverse floral ornament with its bottom at 12:30 and a bit of the design around the "C"] P Δ in the quadrants of a cross (with an X at the center) for "Romanus Despot/emperor" RΩMANΩ ΔЄCΠOTH So the reverse legend greatly abbreviates "O cross help Romanus emperor" or "May the cross help Romanus, emperor." as translated on this page: http://augustuscoins.com/ed/Byz/legends.html which translates Byzantine-coin legends. When Romanus IV lost the Battle of Manzikert he was captured by the Seljuq sultan Arp Arslan, who, after obtaining significant concessions, released Romanus to go home. It was a master stroke, splitting the Byzantines into opposing camps. The remains of the army had promoted Michael VII, Ducas--the proper heir, the son of Constantine X , to emperor not long after the battle. When Romanus was unexpectedly released and returned to Constantinople he found it already had a new emperor. Constantinople was in possession of the Ducas family of Constantine X and his young son Michael VII who was really under the control of his advisor Psellus who wrote the extant book Fourteen Byzantine Rulers. (The book is an inexpensive Penguin Classic paperback, as low as $1.64 plus shipping on Amazon). Romanus lost his bid to reclaim the throne, was blinded, and sent to a monastery in 1078. Byzantine AE is rarely in top condition, but it has great stories! Show us a Byzantine coin with "IC XC NIKA"! 8 2 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
Join the conversation
You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.