shanxi Posted August 10, 2022 · Supporter Share Posted August 10, 2022 Pergamon was a hilltop city in Mysia (Asia Minor) about 25 miles from the Aegean Sea. Akropolis of Pergamon. (source Wikipedia) The numismatic history of Pergamon starts in the 5th century under Persian rule. The first coins show a youthful Apollo on the obverse and the bearded head of an satrap on the reverse. Mysia, Pergamon AR Diobol (ca. 450 BC). Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Bearded head of satrap right, wearing Persian tiara, crescent above, all within incuse square. Ag, 1.53g, 10mm Ref.: BMC Myisa 1 With the rise of Alexander, Pergamon minted coins with Hercales on the obverse and Athena on the reverse, later under Lysimachos the coins show the head of the now deified Alexander and a seated Athena. On bronze coins Athena appears mainly with bull heads or with Heracles on the reverse. Mysia, Pergamon Diobol, 330-284 BC Obv.: head of Herakles right, clad in lion's skin Rev.: ΠEΡΓAM, cult statue of Athena standing facing, holding spear and shield Ag, 1.27g, 11mm Ref.: SNG Paris 1558 Mysia, Pergamon AE17, 310-282 BC Obv.: Helmeted and laureate head of Athena left Rev.: ΠΕΡΓΑ, Confronted bull heads. AE, 4.83g, 16.6mm Mysia, Pergamon AE10, c. 300 B.C. Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right, ΠΕΡΓ below Rev.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin AE, 0.86g, 10mm The Pergamene Kingdom began with Philetairos . Philetairos was commander of Pergamon and controled an immense treasury. In 282 BC he changed alliance from Lysimachos to Seleucus, and thus founded a semi-independent kingdom. Philetairos was followed by his nephew Eumenes I, Attalos, Emenes II, Attalus II and Attalus III. Many coins issued during the Pergamene Kingdom bear the name of Philetairos. This tetradrachm issued uner Attalos I shows his portrait: Kings of Pergamon Attalos I, 241-197 BC AR Tetradrachm Obv.: Laureate head of Philetairos right. Rev.: ΦIΛETAIPOY, Athena seated left, holding spear, left elbow on shield, wreath held in right hand; in right field, bow; in left, bunch of grapes, between monogram A Ag, 16.96g, 27.6mm Ref.: Westermark, Ph. 62, Gruppe IV:B, Winterthur 2617 Also a big number of bronze coins were issued, showing a bow, a serpend, a thyrsos, a star or Asklepios on the reverse. Mysia, Pergamon AE14, 282 - 263 B.C. Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos Obv.: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with a griffin Rev.: [ΦI]ΛETAI[ΡOΥ], Serpent coiled right, HP monogram to left. AE, 14mm, 2.95g Mysia, Pergamon AE16, 282 - 263 B.C. Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: ΦΙΛΕΤΑΙΡΟΥ, Asklepios seated left, feeding snake out of patera. AE, 3.01g, 15.7mm Ref.: SNG France 1643-9; SNG von Aulock 1363. The role of Pergamon as sanctuary of Asklepios includes also depictions of Hygieia and the Omphalos (the navel of the universe) entwinned by a snake. Mysia, Pergamon AE15, ca 133-27 BC Obv.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΑΔΟΥ, draped bust of Hygieia right Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΚΑΙ ΥΓΕΙΑΣ, snake coiled around omphalos AE, 3.21g, 15mm Ref.: SNG France 1938-1940; BMC 163; SNG Cop. 380 Im 166 BCE, Eumenes II introduced the Cistophoric Tetradrachms which were of lower weight than a regular Tetradrachm. The obverse shows a cista mystica, the reverse a snake entwined bow case. The numerous symbols and monograms make the Cistophori a collecting field of its own. ” Mysia, Pergamon Cistophoric Tetradrachm Obv.: Serpent emerging from cista mystica with raised lid, all within ivy wreath with fruits. Rev.: Bow case between two coiled serpents; to left, monogram of Pergamon; to right, NI Ag, 29mm, 12.26g Ref.: SNG France 1709 In 133 BC when Attalus III died without an heir, he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome. But that is another story. Post your coins from Pergamon or anything relevant ! 20 1 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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