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Hideous, but Extremely Rare - Africanus Fabius Maximus, Step-Brother-In-Law to Augustus


Finn235

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One of these days I will stop collecting obscure first century provincial governors and finally pick up a Gordian II. But not today.

I spotted this one a few Roma auctions ago, and won it for what I feel was an excellent price, despite the hideously poor condition of the coin.

AfricansFabiusMaximusAE26ByzaciumHadrumentum.jpg.81442094d90cc4306f3ef05bc8431109.jpg

Africanus Fabius Maximus, proconsul of Africa, 6-5 BC

AE23 of Hadrumentum, Byzacium, with Livineus Gallus, proquaestor

Obv: Bare head of Africanus right, AFR FA MAX COS PROCOS VII VIR EPVLO

Rev: Elephant advancing left, trampling serpent (a callback to Caesar's famous denarius)  LIVIN GALLVS Q PRO PR

Africanus was the younger brother of Paullus Fabius Maximus, who was one of Augustus' closest friends and later step brother (or nephew) after his marriage to Marcia, who was the daughter of Lucius Marcius Philippus. (I've seen Marcia described as both the daughter of Lucius Marcius Philippus, step-father of Augustus, and Lucius Marcius Philippus, step-brother of Augustus). Regardless, this made Africanus Fabius Maximus a member of the extended Julio-Claudian family tree. 

Unlike his brother, Africanus' life is largely unclear, attested only by his consulship in 10BC, and his coinage, which attests to his governorship in 6-5BC, and that at some point in life he was appointed as septemviri epulonum, who were seven men in charge of organizing religious banquets in honor of the gods. The date or circumstances of his death were not recorded.

Africanus' coinage is extremely rare, comprised of only this single issue, which Nomos estimated in 2019 at a surviving population of 12 specimens.

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Here is one of my most hideous but very rare: a denier tournois of Charles de France as Count of La Marche (1314-1322). Charles was one of the three sons of Philippe IV and the last to become King of France in 1322.

But before that, he was awarded the appanage of La Marche in 1314, as his older brother Louis was to inherit the throne of France. After becoming himself king in 1322, the county reverted to the royal demesne.

charlesdefrance1.jpg.dfbefcfdb2694ef5bb208807fe7d3697.jpg

AR18mm 0.81g denier tournois, minted at Bellac, ca. 1316(?)
+ KAROLVS COMЄS; Cross pattee
+ MOnЄT MARChE; chateau tournois with lys surmounted by cross
cf. Poey d'Avant 2635var; not in Boudeau

 

The coinage of La Marche under Charles is made up of very rare deniers tournois of two types, imitations of the Royal coinage. This particular specimen is a variation of the first, earlier type. The MOnET instead of MOnETA reverse legend marks an unlisted die, unrecorded in the major catalogs.

In 2018 I got it for 50+EUR from CGB and I think it was a fair deal considering the abysmal condition.

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There's a bunch of them. Just the ones I have:

Statilius Libo, prefect of Spain under Julius Caesar or Augustus

CnStatiliusLiboPrefectofSpainPriestlyimplements.jpg.61bed7be19d50ad55ab705ae0446d926.jpg

This coin used to be attributed to Gaius Sosius, but that attribution is probably outdated

RomanGaiusSosiusAEasiaminor.jpg.175fea8c81ae1a0b9ff85fde50855945.jpg

Vedius Pollio, Governor of Asia (known for attempting to kill a slave over a broken cup)

VediusPolliozeustralles.jpg.5a84cf6aa5322c85587c0588da5005d3.jpg

Asinius Gallus, arch enemy of Tiberius and second husband of Vipsania 

AsiniusGallusdionysustemnosaeolis.jpg.0f5a06ce3e070f243974fdcc05d56cde.jpg

Paullus Fabius Maximus, Africanus' older brother

FabiusMaximusHierapolisPhrygiaTheokritos.jpg.0a0c95e1244003c9969a9e90a5cf40f0.jpg

Quinctilius Varus (WHERE ARE MY EAGLES?!?)

PQuinctiliusVarusAE30AchullaAugustusGaiusLucius.jpg.1ea3eea9b9326acddefb3ae39148a20a.jpg

Pythes, Magistrate under Tiberius (although he has a Greek name, so maybe unfair to call him a "Roman" governor)

PythesmagistrateofLaodicea.jpg.5224a5a78b547238c61df7139dc1f57c.jpg

Annius Afrinus seems to have been the last to mint portrait coinage, under Claudius

AnniusAfrinusAE17Claudiconum.jpg.d7bc44475d2f248aa76aec1de9bd8062.jpg

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Brilliant OP, @Finn235.  The elephant is great, even in its present state; if I were that deeply into Julio-Claudian, I'd be quietly ecstatic.

...Especially because, to @seth77's point, you want crazy rare, and atrocious?  Got some for you.  Here's only the premier example.  Busted; the text is pasted from a post going all the way back to last December.

image.jpeg.ceeb13dfd23bf6b4e1c324c193b0f99d.jpeg

 

Hugo Magnus, Ct. of Paris and Duke of Francia 923-956.  Denier of Senlis, formerly attributed to his son, Hugh Capet.  

This CNG listing gives the full (re-)attribution, more succinctly than I could.

https://www.cngcoins.com/Lot.aspx?LOT_ID=4470&BACK_URL=%2fLots.aspx%3fIS_ADVANCED%3d1%26ITEM_IS_SOLD%3d1%26ITEM_INVENTORY_NUMBER%3d%26CONTAINER_NAME%3d%26ITEM_LOT_NUMBER%3d%26ITEM_DESC%3dsenlis%2bdenier%26SEARCH_IN_CONTAINER_TYPE_ID_1%3d1%26SEARCH_IN_CONTAINER_TYPE_ID_3%3d1%26SEARCH_IN_CONTAINER_TYPE_ID_2%3d1%26SEARCH_IN_CONTAINER_TYPE_ID_4%3d1%26VIEW_TYPE%3d0 

I found it on Delcampe, 'unattributed as the driven snow.'  Initially, all I could tell was that it was 10th century, and the price was right.  Thanks to this and a more recent, dramatic foray into the last Elsen auction, I now have Robertians and early Capetians from Robert I through Philippe I.  If I ever found an example of Henri I, I'd have the run of them down to Philippe III (1270-1285).

Edited by JeandAcre
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Similar story. $4 on eBay back in the old days.

Crusader States, Principality of Antioch. Anonymous. Circa 1120-1140 AD. Æ Follis (18mm, 0.93g). Obv: [OA ΠETPOC], to left and right in monogram form; Nimbate Half-length figure of St. Peter, holding long cross on left shoulder. Rev: Cross moline with three pellets in each quarter. Ref: CCS 12a; Metcalf page 25, 10; Schl. Plate 19, 1; Porteous 24; Slocum 105. Good/About Fine, nice patina, double struck and edge roughness. Very rare.

image.jpeg.70672e33ba6df7ec10b3abe4e62bbe74.jpeg

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7 hours ago, Finn235 said:

One of these days I will stop collecting obscure first century provincial governors and finally pick up a Gordian II. But not today.

I spotted this one a few Roma auctions ago, and won it for what I feel was an excellent price, despite the hideously poor condition of the coin.

AfricansFabiusMaximusAE26ByzaciumHadrumentum.jpg.81442094d90cc4306f3ef05bc8431109.jpg

Africanus Fabius Maximus, proconsul of Africa, 6-5 BC

AE23 of Hadrumentum, Byzacium, with Livineus Gallus, proquaestor

Obv: Bare head of Africanus right, AFR FA MAX COS PROCOS VII VIR EPVLO

Rev: Elephant advancing left, trampling serpent (a callback to Caesar's famous denarius)  LIVIN GALLVS Q PRO PR

Africanus was the younger brother of Paullus Fabius Maximus, who was one of Augustus' closest friends and later step brother (or nephew) after his marriage to Marcia, who was the daughter of Lucius Marcius Philippus. (I've seen Marcia described as both the daughter of Lucius Marcius Philippus, step-father of Augustus, and Lucius Marcius Philippus, step-brother of Augustus). Regardless, this made Africanus Fabius Maximus a member of the extended Julio-Claudian family tree. 

Unlike his brother, Africanus' life is largely unclear, attested only by his consulship in 10BC, and his coinage, which attests to his governorship in 6-5BC, and that at some point in life he was appointed as septemviri epulonum, who were seven men in charge of organizing religious banquets in honor of the gods. The date or circumstances of his death were not recorded.

Africanus' coinage is extremely rare, comprised of only this single issue, which Nomos estimated in 2019 at a surviving population of 12 specimens.

That's fantastic!! It's always a good feeling to pick up an extreme rarity!! Way to go!!

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I'm not aware of any literature or even an easily browsable, comprehensive list anywhere online.

RPC's advanced search is a great starting point, as you can scroll through the list of all people depicted on provincial coins, but the governors are interspersed with emperors, Caesars, wives, and client kings

https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/search/advanced

Wildwinds has a few pages , but nowhere near a comprehensive list

http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/indexc.html

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14 hours ago, Finn235 said:

There's a bunch of them. Just the ones I have:

Statilius Libo, prefect of Spain under Julius Caesar or Augustus

CnStatiliusLiboPrefectofSpainPriestlyimplements.jpg.61bed7be19d50ad55ab705ae0446d926.jpg

This coin used to be attributed to Gaius Sosius, but that attribution is probably outdated

RomanGaiusSosiusAEasiaminor.jpg.175fea8c81ae1a0b9ff85fde50855945.jpg

Vedius Pollio, Governor of Asia (known for attempting to kill a slave over a broken cup)

VediusPolliozeustralles.jpg.5a84cf6aa5322c85587c0588da5005d3.jpg

Asinius Gallus, arch enemy of Tiberius and second husband of Vipsania 

AsiniusGallusdionysustemnosaeolis.jpg.0f5a06ce3e070f243974fdcc05d56cde.jpg

Paullus Fabius Maximus, Africanus' older brother

FabiusMaximusHierapolisPhrygiaTheokritos.jpg.0a0c95e1244003c9969a9e90a5cf40f0.jpg

Quinctilius Varus (WHERE ARE MY EAGLES?!?)

PQuinctiliusVarusAE30AchullaAugustusGaiusLucius.jpg.1ea3eea9b9326acddefb3ae39148a20a.jpg

Pythes, Magistrate under Tiberius (although he has a Greek name, so maybe unfair to call him a "Roman" governor)

PythesmagistrateofLaodicea.jpg.5224a5a78b547238c61df7139dc1f57c.jpg

Annius Afrinus seems to have been the last to mint portrait coinage, under Claudius

AnniusAfrinusAE17Claudiconum.jpg.d7bc44475d2f248aa76aec1de9bd8062.jpg

These seem all very rare and I can't afford another interest, but that Annius Afrinus would really fit into my Iconium interest.

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Hi All,

Very uggggg-ly. Hideous ... but very rare.

image.png.3f95d6a3ef2c574f8aaa9bcc3ff4935f.png

AURELIAN AND VABALATHUS (270 - 271 CE)
ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT Year 01 & 04 (c Mar 271 - 28 Aug 271 CE)
Bi Tetradrachm
Size: 22 mm
Weight: 8.14 g
Axis: 0
Broucheion Collection R-2000-05-20.001

Obv: Aurelian laureate and cuirased bust facing right to Vabalathus laureate draped bust facing left. Legend: [AVPEΛIANOCK]A[IA]ΘENO[ΔωPOC]. Border not visible.
Rev: Wreath enclosing dates: LA over LΔ. Border not visible.
Refs: Emmett-3916.01&04; Geissen-3057; Dattari-5430, pl xxvii; ; Milne-4327-29; SNG Copenhagen-901 (unknown if KAI in obv legend); BMC-2394; Mionnet-3521 var (KAI not in obv legend); Staffieri 'Alexandria In Nummis' #245
Prov: Ex-Pagasi Coins, Ex-Classical Cash before that.

Note 1: Bland (‘The coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria’, Numismatic Chronicle 171, 2011) : Aurelian’s reign began with a small issue of coins in his sole name dated Year 1 (Sep - c Dec 270), and was succeeded by an issue with year one of Aurelian and no regnal year for Vabalathus (c Dec 270 - c Mar 271), followed by another in the names of Aurelian & Vabalathus dated Years 1 & 4 (c Mar 271 - 28 Aug 271). This was succeeded by another issue for Aurelian & Vabalathus of about the same size dated Years 5.
Note 2: Metcalf (1998) dates Year 01 & 04 as starting in Dec 270 CE and running through 28 Aug 271 CE.

- Broucheion

Edited by Broucheion
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11 hours ago, seth77 said:

These seem all very rare and I can't afford another interest, but that Annius Afrinus would really fit into my Iconium interest.

Not going to lie, his coins aren't cheap! I feel I lucked out in winning that one at Naumann for $150ish, given how badly I got blown out of the water at CNG

https://www.cngcoins.com/Lot.aspx?LOT_ID=34120

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3 hours ago, Finn235 said:

Not going to lie, his coins aren't cheap! I feel I lucked out in winning that one at Naumann for $150ish, given how badly I got blown out of the water at CNG

https://www.cngcoins.com/Lot.aspx?LOT_ID=34120

Perhaps I'll get lucky too. 150 seems like a fair deal and the more I look at that coin, the more I'd like to get one.

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On 6/8/2023 at 4:34 PM, Finn235 said:

There's a bunch of them. Just the ones I have:

Statilius Libo, prefect of Spain under Julius Caesar or Augustus

CnStatiliusLiboPrefectofSpainPriestlyimplements.jpg.61bed7be19d50ad55ab705ae0446d926.jpg

This coin used to be attributed to Gaius Sosius, but that attribution is probably outdated

RomanGaiusSosiusAEasiaminor.jpg.175fea8c81ae1a0b9ff85fde50855945.jpg

Vedius Pollio, Governor of Asia (known for attempting to kill a slave over a broken cup)

VediusPolliozeustralles.jpg.5a84cf6aa5322c85587c0588da5005d3.jpg

Asinius Gallus, arch enemy of Tiberius and second husband of Vipsania 

AsiniusGallusdionysustemnosaeolis.jpg.0f5a06ce3e070f243974fdcc05d56cde.jpg

Paullus Fabius Maximus, Africanus' older brother

FabiusMaximusHierapolisPhrygiaTheokritos.jpg.0a0c95e1244003c9969a9e90a5cf40f0.jpg

Quinctilius Varus (WHERE ARE MY EAGLES?!?)

PQuinctiliusVarusAE30AchullaAugustusGaiusLucius.jpg.1ea3eea9b9326acddefb3ae39148a20a.jpg

Pythes, Magistrate under Tiberius (although he has a Greek name, so maybe unfair to call him a "Roman" governor)

PythesmagistrateofLaodicea.jpg.5224a5a78b547238c61df7139dc1f57c.jpg

Annius Afrinus seems to have been the last to mint portrait coinage, under Claudius

AnniusAfrinusAE17Claudiconum.jpg.d7bc44475d2f248aa76aec1de9bd8062.jpg

What a set of Roman personages that hitherto have not been known on coinage by, I'm sure, the bulk of collectors out there.!!! Outstanding.

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22 hours ago, Broucheion said:

Hi All,

Very uggggg-ly. Hideous ... but very rare.

image.png.3f95d6a3ef2c574f8aaa9bcc3ff4935f.png

AURELIAN AND VABALATHUS (270 - 271 CE)
ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT Year 01 & 04 (c Mar 271 - 28 Aug 271 CE)
Bi Tetradrachm
Size: 22 mm
Weight: 8.14 g
Axis: 0
Broucheion Collection R-2000-05-20.001

Obv: Aurelian laureate and cuirased bust facing right to Vabalathus laureate draped bust facing left. Legend: [AVPEΛIANOCK]A[IA]ΘENO[ΔωPOC]. Border not visible.
Rev: Wreath enclosing dates: LA over LΔ. Border not visible.
Refs: Emmett-3916.01&04; Geissen-3057; Dattari-5430, pl xxvii; ; Milne-4327-29; SNG Copenhagen-901 (unknown if KAI in obv legend); BMC-2394; Mionnet-3521 var (KAI not in obv legend); Staffieri 'Alexandria In Nummis' #245
Prov: Ex-Pagasi Coins, Ex-Classical Cash before that.

Note 1: Bland (‘The coinage of Vabalathus and Zenobia from Antioch and Alexandria’, Numismatic Chronicle 171, 2011) : Aurelian’s reign began with a small issue of coins in his sole name dated Year 1 (Sep - c Dec 270), and was succeeded by an issue with year one of Aurelian and no regnal year for Vabalathus (c Dec 270 - c Mar 271), followed by another in the names of Aurelian & Vabalathus dated Years 1 & 4 (c Mar 271 - 28 Aug 271). This was succeeded by another issue for Aurelian & Vabalathus of about the same size dated Years 5.
Note 2: Metcalf (1998) dates Year 01 & 04 as starting in Dec 270 CE and running through 28 Aug 271 CE.

- Broucheion

That's an absolute ogre. Props to you for even being able to attribute it.

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I posted this before but this isn't a super common coin. It features German captives on the reverse and Marcus Aurelius on the obverse the condition is ok like a G-4  or AG-3. I like this one a lot and it is one of my favorites.

DA65F284-4B0C-45E0-A001-852ADFE79855.jpeg

99F9C7D1-132C-49B1-8301-02538365E66F.jpeg

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