ValiantKnight Posted June 20, 2022 · Member Share Posted June 20, 2022 (edited) I had started this as a post on another thread, but since I had already planned to make a thread for this in the near future, I decided to push it to the front of the queue and make the thread now. I like collecting Roman coins. I like collecting early Islamic coins. And I am into Arab-Byzantine coins (even though it is like 40th on my mental list of collecting priorities, so I only have one or two). So imagine my surprise when I found this at auction. Up to that point, I don't think I had ever seen a non-Byzantine Roman (or at least, I hadn't seen a late Roman) coin overstruck by the Arabs, so I knew I had to have this interesting coin. Umayyad Caliphate AE fals (overstruck on a Roman follis of Honorius, Virtvs Exerciti type, RIC X 61)Obv: The Kalima, in Arabic (D N HONORI [VS P F AVG], pearl-diademed, draped bust right)Rev: Transformed cross(?) (VIRTVS-EXERCITI, emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and resting left hand on shield. Victory, standing beside him crowning him with a wreath)Mint: (Constantinople for undertype)Mintmark: None (CON in ex.)Date: 697-750 AD (post-coin reform; undertype struck 395-401 AD) It actually basically combines aspects of three different types: The Kalima (the Islamic declaration of faith: "there is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah”), here overstruck on the obverse, became a central feature (literally and figuratively) of Islamic coins after the 697 coinage reform that did away with pictures/icons. It seems the Kalima was deliberately struck over Honorius's face as a way to conform to the reform. My coin, a late Umayyad bronze from Tiberias (the Kalima is on the left photo, obverse): Despite the reform, it looks like the Roman reverse was overstruck with a "transformed cross" reverse found on the Standing Caliph type from before the reform. Also mine, a Standing Caliph type from Aleppo: And of course, the Roman undertype (not mine; from Wildwinds): The Umayyad Caliphate became one of the largest empires in history in less than a century: Please post your Arab-Roman, Arab-Byzantine coins, and/or anything else relevant! Edited June 20, 2022 by ValiantKnight 21 1 1 1 1 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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