shanxi Posted August 26, 2022 · Supporter Share Posted August 26, 2022 (edited) Staufen im Breisgau is a small town in the south of Germany, between the Rhine Valley and the Black Forest and today a popular destination for tourists. It is close to the bigger city of Freiburg im Breisgau (about 20km) The city of Staufen im Breisgau The town was ruled by the “Herren von Staufen”. Their rule also included the silver mine in the nearby village of "Münster", which no longer exists today. Most of the silver went to the Dukes of Freiburg, so that today there is only one type of coin of the “Herren von Staufen”. Although the mines were in Münster the coins were minted probably in the City of Staufen or in the castle. Caste of the “Herren of Staufen”, above the City of Staufen. The coin: Vierzipfliger Pfennig (Silver, 19 mm, 0.39 g), Münster/Staufen. Elephant walking to left. Rev. Incuse of obverse, around AD 1300 (Leu Web Auction 22) The depiction on the bracteate is very interesting. It does not show the coat of arms of the "Herren von Staufen" but goes back to the "Alexanderlied", a very popular medieval poem about Alexander the Great. A wall hanging from 1320 shows the scene: “Alexander the Great is a guest at the palace of the Indian queen Candace borne on the back of an elephant.” This wall hanging is from the Adelhausen Abbey in Freiburg, and could have been the direct model. The representation on the coin is simplified. You can see only the three heads. So we have an elephant and Alexander the Great on a medieval German coin. Very unique. Ref.: 1: Untermann / Bechtold: Die Stadtwüstung Münster im Breisgau „Archäologische und historische Untersuchungen 1995-97. Ein Vorbericht“ 2: https://onlinesammlung.freiburg.de/index.php/en/object/A050A6EE4C206459BFFA05B7E0ECBD8C Post your medieval German coins or anything relevant ! Edited August 26, 2022 by shanxi 19 1 1 3 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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